‘Imperial & Royal’: My 15mm Napoleonic Austrian Army (Part 4: Militia Troops)

Those of you still awake and not having taken an impromptu holiday to northern Italy to get away from this blog will no doubt be overjoyed to see this, the 4th instalment of my Austrian army! 🙂

This time I’m looking at the militia forces: The Austrian Landwehr and the Hungarian Insurrection.

Above:  A battalion of the Lower Austrian Landwehr.  The Austrian Landwehr were initially raised in 1808 as a conscript militia, to serve as a reserve for the regular army and as garrisons for towns and fortresses while the regular army was away on campaign.  By early 1809 there were over 100,000 men serving in the Landwehr and later that year, with the French invading Austria, the Landwehr were called out to reinforce the army in the field.  The Landwehr battalions serving with Archduke Charles’ main army came from Lower Austria, Bohemia and Moravia.  However, their combat record was extremely poor and they suffered huge losses due to desertion.

The Landwehr were organised on a provincial basis and each province had its own coat colour, facing colour and cockade colour.  The rank-and-file in the main wore peasant coats and were poorly equipped, though officers and NCOs, as well as a few complete units and some individuals could be far better dressed.  Some units also included Volunteer Jäger who would equip themselves and would again be generally better-dressed.

The Lower Austrian Landwehr wore coats coloured ‘Ash Grey’ with red facings, topped off with a Corsican hat (Corsehut), turned up on the left side.  The provincial cockade was yellow-within-sky blue, though this was not often worn and the national yellow & black cockade could also be seen.

Above:  A battalion of Moravian-Silesian Landwehr.  Most Moravian Landwehr wore brown coats with red facings.  However some units, especially from the Austrian Silesia, wore light blue facings, as shown here.  The provincial cockade was red-within-white.  The officer’s mid-blue breeches also seem to have been a popular item of dress.

Landwehr battalions were authorised to carry flags.  These were officially to have the Imperial eagle on the obverse and the provincial arms on the reverse.  In addition, many carried hand-me-down Ordinärfahnen from the local infantry regiments.  However, I haven’t given mine flags; partly because at the time of painting I had no idea as to what their flags looked like but also because AB Figures don’t produce any Landwehr standard-bearers.

Above:  A battalion of Bohemian Landwehr.  The Bohemian Landwehr were remarkably well dressed.  The coat was a brown jacket with red facings and red braid across the chest, worn with bright blue breeches (some with red Hungarian knots on the thighs) and tall leather boots, all topped off with a ’round-hat’ (what we might call a top-hat).  The city and university Landwehr units from Prague were even more lavishly dressed, with plumed shakos!

Above: A battalion of Hungarian Insurrection Infantry from ‘below’ (i.e. south of) the Danube.

Unlike the Austrian provinces, the Kingdom of Hungary did not have a standing Landwehr and instead relied upon the Hungarian Diet (council of nobles) voting to raise an Insurrection during times of national emergency.  This had been done in 1797 and 1800, but in 1805 the fickle Hungarian nobles decided NOT to call out the Insurrection to oppose Napoleon’s invasion.  Nevertheless, in 1809 around 60,000 Insurrection troops (roughly 40,000 hussars and 20,000 infantry) were successfully raised.

Two regiments of hussars volunteered to fight with Archduke Charles’ Main Army (more of those later), though the bulk of the Insurrection fought with the Army of Inner Austria against Prince Eugène’s invading Army of Italy in a number of small actions across Hungary before finally being comprehensively smashed at the Battle of Raab on 14th June 1809.

Above:  A battalion of Insurrection Infantry from ‘above’ (i.e. north of) the Danube.  In 1809 the regulation uniform for the Insurrection infantry consisted of a short blue tunic and breeches, decorated with brass buttons, light blue ‘hussar’ lace and Hungarian trefoil knots (see the period print at the top of this article).  The exact shade of blue is debatable; Dave Hollins describes this uniform as ‘dark blue’, but then the accompanying plate shows an officer dressed in the same shade of sky-blue as the pantaloons of regular Hungarian or Grenze infantry.  I’ve hedged my bets and opted for a ‘middle blue’, which seems to be what was depicted by Ottenfeld in 1895.

The collar and cuffs were coloured by region: Crimson = ‘Above’ the Danube.  Yellow = ‘Below’ the Danube.  Light blue = ‘Above’ the Theiss.  Grass green = ‘Below’ the Theiss.  Of course, there is no guarantee that in reality, the mobilised Insurrection was dressed in anything like the official regulation uniform and it may be the case that many men were wearing civilian clothes or uniforms from earlier incarnations of the Insurrection, which had far more varied uniform colours, more reminiscent of the regular Hussar regiments.

The shako was black and plain apart from a yellow & black national cockade-pompom.  Belts were red leather.  Boots were black leather and hussar-style.  Officers do not appear to have worn metallic lace and instead wore more elaborate light blue lace.  However, there is the odd modern picture of Insurrection officers wearing metallic lace and these might be senior officers or perhaps an honest mistake.

The Insurrection are known to have carried flags.  Dave Hollins describes these as normally having the provincial emblem on the reverse, with a religious symbol such as the Madonna on the obverse.  Cavalry flags were swallow-tailed.  However, with only vague descriptions of flags and the lack of a standard-bearer figure, I’ve opted to go without.

Above:  A Hungarian Insurrection Hussar Regiment from ‘Below’ the Danube.  The regulation uniform for Insurrection Hussars was very similar to that of the infantry, though according to Dave Hollins the lace was white instead of light blue and instead of having provincial facing colours on the dolman jacket, the shakos were instead coloured by province.  These colours were the same as for the infantry facings, though regiments from ‘above’ the Danube had black shakos instead of yellow.  They were also issued with a blue pelisse, again decorated with white lace and edged with black fur.  Shabraques and sabretaches were black, edged in red and bearing the Imperial ‘FI’ cypher in white.  Belts were red leather and the shako had a black plume with a yellow base (apparently much more black than the regular army plume).

As mentioned above, two regiments of Insurrection Hussars fought with Archduke Charles’ Main Army in 1809.  These were the Neutra Hussars and the Primatial Hussars and I wanted to depict these regiments.  However, the Primatial Hussars are something of a mystery.  They were privately raised as a volunteer regiment by Archduke Charles Ambrosius, the Archbishop-Primate of Hungary and were therefore a somewhat different animal to the conscripted county Insurrection regiments.  There is no record of their uniform, though Dave Hollins has suggested that as a Volunteer regiment they might have worn red pointed cuffs on the dolman, which were the mark of the Austrian Volunteers (a mystery surviving hussar uniform from an unknown unit does have red pointed cuffs).

Of course, this did give me carte-blanche to go absolutely nuts and invent my own hussar uniform…  Archbishop Purple would be nice…  However, I decided to be sensible and paint a known Insurrection Hussar uniform instead.  As the Archbishop Primate of Hungary’s residence was in the town of Gran, which is ‘below’ the Danube, I opted for that region’s colour of crimson as the shako-colour.

Note that the Primatial Hussars are regularly confused in many books and publications with the regular Hussar Regiment #12 ‘Palatinal’.  The Palatinal Husars were at this time fighting in Poland with the VII Korps and were definitely not the same regiment.  However, they had once been an Insurrection Hussar regiment from the 1800 muster, having been ‘regularised’ in 1802.

Above:  A regiment of Insurrection Hussars from ‘above’ the Theiss.

The other Insurrection Hussars regiment with Archduke Charles was the Neutra Hussars.  The city of Neutra is ‘above’ the Danube and should therefore have a black shako… Which is rather boring… So I opted instead for the light blue shako of regiments from above the Theiss… 🙂

At Aspern-Essling, the Neutra and Primatial Hussars were brigaded together under the command of Generalmajor Kerekes in Wartensleben’s Light Cavalry Division of the Reserve Korps.  However, they broke immediately when faced with a French cavalry attack on 22nd May, prompting Archduke Charles to write in his post-action report that “The two regiments of insurrection cavalry… are good for nothing.”  By Wagram they had been split up, with the Primatial Hussars being sent away and brigaded with Hussar Regiment #10 ‘Stipsicz’ under Generalmajor Frelich in the Avantgarde Korps.  However, they did no better at Wagram than they had at Aspern-Essling.

That’s it for now.  Next time it’ll be the artillery and general staff.


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‘Imperial & Royal’: My 15mm Napoleonic Austrian Army (Part 3: Light Troops)

Today’s riveting blog instalment is a continuation of the ‘grand review’ of my Austrian Army.  The usual disclaimers apply: This article may cause drowsiness.  Do not drive or operate heavy machinery while reading this blog.  If you find that you are affected by the subject matter, self-isolate yourself for two weeks with a pile of unpainted AB Figures and a few gallons of paint until the urges subside.

Today we have the light infantry – the Jäger, Grenzer and Freiwilligen.  I couldn’t find a decent battle painting of Austrian light troops to use as the header, so here are some Hungarian infantry (at Leipzig).

Above:  Some Jäger (literally ‘Hunter’ – skirmishers armed with rifled carbines).  The uniform for all nine regular army Jäger battalions was the same – a simple ‘Pike Grey’ (Hechtgrau) uniform with ‘Steel Green’ (Stahlgrün) facings and black Corsican hat, with black leather belts.  The regular Jäger battalions did not carry flags.

A lot of people tend to paint the grey uniforms of Austrian Jäger in a much lighter shade than this, due to the relevant plate in the Osprey Men-At-Arms book on Austrian Infantry.  This plate was in turn based on a plate published in 1895 by the artist Rudolf Otto von Ottenfeld.  However, this has been disputed by various scholars on the subject (provoking many internet flame-wars), as Ottenfeld was apparently basing his painting on the colour of a faded, 80 year-old surviving uniform rather than the colour produced by the original dye when it was new.  Based on the evidence presented, I’ve been persuaded by the arguments that Hechtgrau was a relatively dark blue-grey, which I’ve tried to replicate here.

Above:  Grenze Infantry Regiment #9 (Peterwardeiner).  This regiment had ‘Light Pike Grey’ facings and yellow metal buttons.

In theory, the Grenze Infantry uniform should have changed following an order in August 1808, to a ‘Black-Brown’ coat with black belts.  However, this order was very slow to implement and according to Dave Hollins in his book book ‘Austrian Auxiliary Troops 1792-1816’, Grenze Infantry Regiment #9 didn’t adopt this new uniform until 1813.

The uniform was essentially identical in style to that of the Hungarian line infantry, with pointed cuffs decorated with a single button and ‘bear’s paw’ of white lace, tight sky-blue pantaloons, embroidered with trefoil-knots and piped down the seams with mixed yellow-black cords.  Aome units used simple plain yellow cords as a cost-saving measure (in any case, yellow/black doesn’t look very good when painted at this scale, so I now just stick with plain yellow).   Items unique to the Grenzer were their traditional hooded red cloaks (here rolled on top of the packs) and the stovepipe-shaped klobuk cap.  The klobuk was officially replaced by the standard 1806 Pattern infantry shako along with the change in uniform.

It’s worth noting that there was something of a mix of uniforms during the transition period, with some regiments wearing the new black belts with the old white uniforms or wearing the old white belts with the new brown uniforms and either klobuk or shako, depending on what had been issued.  Officers, with privately-tailored uniforms, might then also be ‘early-adopters’ of the new uniforms (the officers and standard-bearers here are Hungarian infantry figures, so have the 1806 Pattern shako while the rest have klobuk).

Above:  Grenze Infantry Regiment #12 (Deutsch-Banát).  This regiment had ‘Light Blue’ facings and white metal buttons.

Grenze Infantry Regiments carried flags, but I’ve been unable to discover exactly what type of flag, so I’ve gone with the standard 1806 Pattern flag bearing the Hungarian arms in the centre (for no reason other than the fact that I had a load of Hungarian infantry flags spare)…

In his book ‘Armies on the Danube 1809’, Scott Bowden gives a list showing those Grenze Infantry Regiments which had transitioned to the new brown coat by 1809.  Regiment #12 is one of these.  However, Dave Hollins’ more recent works dispute this, stating that no regiments changed from white to brown until 1810 at the earliest, with most changing in 1813-14.  According to Hollins, Regiment #12 was the first to transition, doing so in 1810.  However, I’d already gone with Bowden’s list…

Above:  Some skirmishers from Grenze Infantry Regiment #13 (Wallach-Illyrian).  This regiment had Light Pike Grey facings with white metal buttons.  I’ve also got a formed version of this unit, which was painted some 25 years ago and is looking a bit battered…

Again, I mistakenly painted this regiment in brown coats.  However, Hollins states that this didn’t actually happen for this regiment until 1814!

Above:  The 1st Battalion of Vienna Volunteers.  The Austrian Army of 1809 fielded a number of Freiwilligen (Volunteer) infantry units and these were usually used to beef up the light infantry element of each Army Corps.  Most numerous among these were the battalions of the Archduke Charles Legion, followed by the Vienna Volunteers and the Moravian Volunteers.  While the battalions of the Archduke Charles Legion and Moravian Volunteers were spread (like the Landwehr militia) across the entire field army, four battalions of the Vienna Volunteers were concentrated in VI Korps, hence this choice of unit.

While most Volunteers were armed with muskets, some units (or portions of units) were classed as Jäger and were armed with rifles (and in some cases with Girardoni repeating air rifles or Crespi breech-loading rifles).  I haven’t painted any Volunteer Jäger just yet, though I will get around to painting the Waltrich Jäger (i.e. the 1st Battalion of the Archduke Charles Legion) for my IV Korps at some point.

Volunteer units were dressed in a wide variety of uniform styles and colours and in many cases very closely resembled the Landwehr.  As in the Landwehr, men who supplied their own uniform were generally better dressed than the rest, who would typically be dressed in very plain knee-length greatcoats.  However, some units were very well-dressed indeed and one of these was the 1st Battalion of the Vienna Volunteers, who all supplied their own uniforms and dressed to a common standard.

Flags are known to have been carried by most Volunteer units, even by units classed as Jäger.  Some carried flags of their own design or bearing the arms of their home region, though a great many of these remain unknown.  However, some (such as the Vienna Volunteers) were issued with spare regular army Ordinärfahnen, as shown here.  AB Figures don’t do a Freiwillige or Landwehr standard-bearer, so I’ve converted an infantry figure who had a broken musket.

Anyway, that’s it for now.  Next time I’ll cover the Landwehr and Hungarian Insurrection.


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‘Imperial & Royal’: My 15mm Napoleonic Austrian Army (Part 2: Cavalry Regiments)

As mentioned last time, I’ve been badgered into posting up some pictures of my 15mm Napoleonic Austrian army.  As mentioned, they’re all AB Figures and I paint them with Humbrol Enamels.

I should also point out that these are just the units that have been painted since 2016; I did have a small Austrian army before that (Infantry Regts #2, #3, #4, #32 & #44, Chevauxleger Regt #1, Kürassier Regts #1 & #4, Hussar Regt #3 and Grenz Infantry Regt #13) but they’ve not been photographed and will have to be added later.

Anyway, here are the regular cavalry regiments:

Above: Kürassier Regiment #7 ‘Lothringen’.  I had originally intended to paint Kürassier Regiment #6 ‘Moritz Liechtenstein’, but unfortunately mis-read the uniform facing colour table and painted the wrong regiment… KR #6 had black facings, not blue… But what the heck… In 1809 KR #7 was fighting alongside KR #5, with the VII Korps in Polish Galicia.  Note that the Kürassiers displayed their facing colour on a patch either side of the collar, so from the rear the collar appears white; unlike the Dragoons and Chevauxlegers, who had fully-coloured collars.

Above:  Chevauxleger Regiment #3 ‘O’Reilly’.  This regiment was one of the white-coated Chevauxleger regiments (Regiments #1, #2 & #4 wore green coats, while #3, #5 & #6 wore white) and the only way to tell them apart from an identically-uniformed Dragoon regiment was the horse’s bridles, which in the case of Chevauxlegers had straps crossed to form an ‘X’ over the horse’s forehead.  The regiment had Poppy Red facings and yellow metal buttons.  One mistake I made with these was that the sheepskin shabraques had by 1809 standardised on black wool, but I referred to an earlier image and did them with white sheepskins (with only the officer having black).  At Aspern-Essling the regiment served with Provenchère’s Advance Guard Brigade for II Korps.  At Wagram the regiment had been transferred to Wartensleben’s Light Cavalry Brigade, in Nostitz’s Division of the Reserve Korps.

Above:  Chevauxleger Regiment #5 ‘Klenau’.  Again, this was one of the white-coated regiments and had light blue facings with yellow metal buttons.  At Aspern-Essling this regiment served in Vécsey’s Brigade, as part of Fresnel’s Division of I Korps.  At Wagram they were serving under Stutterheim, though still under the same division and corps.

Above:  Hussar Regiment #4 ‘Hessen-Homburg’.  This uniform is probably one of my favourite Napoleonic uniforms, probably due to the contrast between the bright blue shakos and the yellow and black cockades.  So good I photographed them three times.  They looked even more garish in their full dress of carmine breeches (see the print on the right), but sadly these are in grey campaign overalls.

It’s worth mentioning that the green pelisse jacket is really too deep a shade of green and should be more yellow, as per the print on the right.  The officer’s lace should also be silver not gold, as per the chap on the right… 🙁 That’ll teach me (yet again) for going by the Osprey book and not reading further before painting…  There has been a lot of academic froth thrown back and forth as to whether the uniform colour was ‘Parrot Green’ (‘Papaeiengrün’) or ‘Poplar Green’ (‘Paperlgrün’).  I’ve also seen the colour translated as ‘Sap Green’.  Of such matters are Napoleonic forum flame-wars deservedly regarded as a Centre of Excellence for internet bovine ordure…

This regiment was not present at Aspern-Essling, but at Wagram served with Vécsey’s Brigade of Nordmann’s Avantgarde Korps.

Note that Mr Barton intended for these figures to have their arms bent into more dynamic poses, which is what I’ve done here (VERY carefully…).  For example, the officer figure as cast is holding his sabre out straight to the side and the ‘flounders’ on his shako are similarly cast sticking straight out.  He is clearly meant to have his arm bent to the front and the flounders bent to a more realistic ‘flapping in the breeze’ position.  A few careful bends makes them look much more dynamic, I feel.

Above:  Hussar Regiment #10 ‘Stipsicz’.  This regiment had another striking colour scheme, this time of a light blue pelisse with grass green shako and yellow metal buttons.  Hussar Regiment #7 ‘Liechtenstein’ had an identical uniform, except they had white metal buttons and silver officers’ lace.  At Aspern-Essling this regiment served under Frelich’s Brigade of Klenau’s Division of IV Korps.  At Wagram they were still commanded by Frelich but had been assigned to Nordmann’s Avantgarde Korps.

Something else to note is that Mr Barton’s supreme modelling skills mean that each figure has a sprig of beautifully-modelled oak-leaves behind the cockade on his headgear (traditionally worn as a field sign by Austrian troops).  I like to paint these grass green, but then add a very light dry-brush of sandy-brown to pick out the details and make them look a bit more like dead leaves.

Above:  Uhlan Regiment #2 ‘Schwarzenberg’.  All four Austrian uhlan regiments wore the same uniform, which started out in the 1790s as ‘Grass Green’, then changing to ‘Steel Green’ and becoming ‘Dark Green’ by 1815.  I’m not sure which stage they were at in 1809, so I’ve played it safe by going for the ‘middle period’ of Steel Green.  Facings were Poppy Red with yellow metal buttons and a yellow & black girdle.  Regiments were identified by differently-coloured tops to their czapka caps.  Uhlan Regiment #2 had Grass Green as their distinguishing colour in the early period, but Dark Green later, so I’ve assumed that they matched the colour of the uniform (I’ve seen others do them with a bright grass green top, contrasting with a dark green uniform).  Uhlan Regiments #1, #3 and #4 had Emperor Yellow, Poppy Red and White respectively.  Note that some sources show the lance-pennants to have narrow opposing stripes of black and yellow in the centre (see the print on the right), but I went for the easy option of plain black over yellow, without the fiddly stripes.

At Aspern-Essling the regiment served in Hardegg’s Brigade of Klenau’s Division of IV Korps.  At Wagram they had transferred to Schneller’s Brigade of Vukassovich’s Division of III Korps.

Anyway, that’s it for now.  More to come.

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‘Imperial & Royal’: My 15mm Napoleonic Austrian Army (Part 1: Infantry Regiments)

I was going to post up some more Cold War stuff this week, but Erik Salvador has been prodding me on Facebook to post my Austrian Napoleonics, so here they are, starting with the Infantry Regiments.

These have all been painted in the last four years or so.  Prior to this I had a very small Austrian army painted in the 1990s (3x Infantry Regts, 2x Hungarian Infantry Regts, 1x Grenze Infantry Regt, 1x Jäger Bn, 1x Chevauxleger Regt, 1x Hussar Regt, 2x Kürassier Regts and some guns and generals – all looking a bit battered now) that was just enough to provide the Austrian contingent at the Battle of Austerlitz, but not really enough to be an army in its own right.  That was a shame, as the 1809 Danube Campaign is probably my favourite Napoleonic campaign (my house is called ‘Aspern‘…) and I remember very fondly those first teenage Napoleonic 1809 battles fought with Sidney and Chris Jones’ wonderful collection of 25mm Minifigs figures, when I first joined WASP in the 1980s.  However, I quickly discovered that I hated painting white uniforms and the project soon ground to a halt…

So in 2016, with the Waterloo Bicentennial games well out of the way, I was determined to get my Austrian army painted.  I set myself a fairly ambitious goal… The entire order of battle for the Battle of Wagram at roughly 1:100 ratio for Napoleon’s Battles rules, with the secondary goal of painting enough to play the Battle of Aspern-Essling and the tertiary goal of at least painting enough for a corps-sized game or the smaller actions of the campaign, such as Eggmühl, Raab and Neumarkt.  Four years on, I’ve managed to finish the III Korps, VI Korps, Reserve Korps and Advance Guard Korps for Wagram and my good buddy Martin has shown solidarity by producing the VI Korps.  The II Korps is now under the brush…

When the weather improves and I can get out into the garden for some photography, I’ll set up the whole formations en masse, but for now here are the individual units.  All figures are 15mm AB Figures, which are now available in the UK from Eureka Miniatures UK, following Ian Marsh’s (Fighting 15s) decision to give up the UK end of the AB Figures/Eureka franchise for a quiet life (though he still has a lot of figures left, so have a look there first if you want a bargain).  Thanks for all the superb service Ian!

In terms of painting, I use only Humbrol Enamels, with metallics by Liquid Leaf.  Yes, it’s old school, but it works for me; I know exactly which paints to use for which job and I can buy them locally from a few shops.

I undercoat everything with heavily-thinned Humbrol matt enamel black and then paint the white uniforms with a bottom-coat of Humbrol 64 Light Grey.  I then block-in the white, starting with the cross-belts first and then the coat and breeches.  This may seem bizarre and somewhat counter-intuitive, but I find that it works better to do the belts first and then leave grey shadows around them, rather than paint the coats first and then accidentally fill in the shadows that I’d intended to leave underneath the belts.  I then add a second layer of white as a highlight – this intensifies the underlying first coat of white and makes it brighter on the highlights (belts, folds, etc).  I’ve tried to illustrate this method with the closeup photo below.

Grenadier Battalion ‘Melgum’ in closeup

The flags are all printed by Fighting 15s.  These were formerly known as ‘Flags for AB’, but Ian will still be selling these despite the departure of the AB Figures side of the business.  The subject of Austrian flags is slightly complicated and many pixels have been expended on the subject, so here’s the simple version:

Up to 1805: All Austrian line infantry battalions carried two flags.  The 1st (or Leib) Battalion would have one Leibfahne (white flag) and one Ordinährfahne (yellow flag).  The other battalions of the regiment would have two Ordinährfahnen.  Grenadiers were not issued with flags, but in time of war would be massed into independent grenadier battalions and might receive a spare Ordinährfahne if one was available.  Grenadiers would never receive Leibfahnen.

1805-1806:  Following the ‘Mack Reforms’, all battalions of line infantry regiments carried a single flag.  The Grenadiers briefly became the Leib Battalion of a regiment and therefore carried the Leibfahne, while all other battalions carried an Ordinährfahne.  This brief interlude was the only time that Austrian Grenadiers were permanently issued with flags and was the only time that they carried Leibfahnen.

1806-1808:  Following the disaster of Austerlitz, the infantry reverted to the old organisation and reverted to the pre-1805 system of flags, so two flags per battalion and none for the Grenadiers except in wartime, when massed Grenadier battalions might receive a spare Ordinährfahne.

1808 Onward:  The number of flags was reduced to one per battalion, with the Leib Battalion carrying a single Leibfahne and the other battalions carrying a single Ordinährfahne.  Grenadiers were still not issued with a flag in peacetime, but massed Grenadier battalions would receive a spare Ordinährfahne.  With the reduction in flags there were now a lot of spare Ordinährfahnen sloshing around, so massed Grenadier battalions could now pretty much guarantee to receive a flag and spare flags were also issued to Landwehr and Freikorps.

As I only paint one ‘battalion’ per regiment, the flags are issued randomly, with every third unit getting a Leibfahne.  My Austrians are geared for 1809, so each battalion receives a single flag and the Grenadiers NEVER receive a Leibfahne.

Anyway, here are the Infantry Regiments.  Note that these are all ‘German’ regiments, who in 1809 were mostly wearing the 1798 Pattern crested helmet, as opposed to the newly-introduced shako.  The Hungarian regiments had apparently all transitioned over to the shako, as had a few German regiments.  My next batch will all be wearing shako, as I’m sick to the back teeth of painting those bloody helmets…

Above:  Infantry Regiment #1 ‘Kaiser Franz’.  The facing colour for this regiment was Pompadour Red (‘Pompadour Rot’) and the button metal colour was white.  At Wagram this regiment served in Lilienberg’s Brigade, as part of St Julien’s Division of III Korps.  The regiment was not present at Aspern-Essling.

Above:  Infantry Regiment #7 ‘Karl Schröder’.  The facing colour for this regiment was Dark Brown (‘Dunkebraun’) and the button metal colour was white.  I used Humbrol 29 Dark Earth for the facing colour, but upon further reading it should probably be more of a dark red-brown, akin to the coats of Grenze infantry (Humbrol 160 German Camouflage Red Brown).  At Wagram this regiment formed part of Grill’s Brigade, in Vukassovich’s Division of III Korps.  The regiment was not present at Aspern-Essling.

Above:  Infantry Regiment #8 ‘Erzherzog Ludwig’.  The facing colour for this regiment was Poppy Red (‘Ponceau’) with yellow metal buttons.  At Aspern-Essling this regiment formed part of Grill’s Brigade of Neustädter’s Division of IV Korps.  At Wagram the brigade was commanded by Swinburne and was part of Rohan’s Division of IV Korps.

Above:  Infantry Regiment #12 ‘Manfredini’.  The facing colour for this regiment was Dark Brown (‘Dunkebraun’) and the button metal colour was yellow.  Like IR #7 above, the brown could probably do with being a shade darker.  At Wagram this regiment served with Grill’s Brigade of Vukassovich’s Division of III Korps.  The regiment was not present at Aspern-Essling.

Above:  Infantry Regiment #22 ‘Koburg’.  This regiment’s facing colour was Emperor Yellow (‘Kaisergelb’) and the button metal colour was white.  This regiment was brigaded with IR #8 (above) at both Aspern-Essling and Wagram.

Above:  Infantry Regiment #38 ‘Herzog Ferdinand von Württemberg’.  This regiment had Rose Pink (‘Rosenrot’) facings and yellow metal buttons.  At Wagram this regiment formed part of Bieber’s Brigade of St Julien’s Division of III Korps.  The regiment was not present at Aspern-Essling.

Above:  Infantry Regiment #46 ‘Chasteler’.  This regiment had Dark Blue (‘Dunkelblau’) facings and yellow metal buttons.  At Aspern-Essling this regiment formed part of Riese’s Brigade, of Reinhard’s Division of IV Korps.  At Wagram it was still part of Riese’s Brigade, but that brigade was on temporary attachment to Nordmann’s Avantgarde Korps, which came under the command of IV Korps.

Above:  Infantry Regiment #50 ‘Stain’.  This regiment had Violet (‘Violett’) facings and white metal buttons.  To be honest, I’d have preferred a deeper, more purple shade of violet, but Humbrol don’t do a decent purple.  I do have a stash of Vallejo acrylic purples for jobs like this, but I think I was being lazy on the day in question… The regiment was absent from Aspern-Essling, though at Wagram served as part of Weiss’ Brigade, in Radetzsky’s Division of IV Korps.

Above:  Infantry Regiment #56 ‘Wenzel Colloredo’.  This regiment had Steel Green (‘Stählgrun’) facings and yellow metal buttons.  This regiment was absent from Aspern-Essling, though at Wagram formed part of Grill’s Brigade of Vukassovich’s Division of III Korps.

Anyway, that’s it for now.  More to come…

Lastly, this blog has this week hit a milestone with it’s 50,000th view!  OK, it’s taken 22 months to reach this point, but I’m easily pleased!  So Jemima Fawr is not exactly ‘Viral’, but I think we’re beyond Fungal and can perhaps now be classed as a Persistent Yeast Infection…  Thanks to all for following my tedious ramblings…

Posted in 15mm Figures, Napoleon's Battles (Rules), Napoleonic Austrian Army, Napoleonic Wars, Painted Units | 6 Comments

On This Day In History: The Battle of Fishguard 1797

Today marks the 223rd anniversary of the surrender on 24th February 1797 of the French Légion Noir (‘Black Legion’) to an outnumbered and rag-tag force of Welsh Yeomanry, Militia, Royal Navy, Volunteers and armed civilians on Goodwick Sands, near the port of Fishguard in Pembrokeshire, West Wales.  Later immortalised as the only Battle Honour to be won by the British Army on British soil, the ‘Battle’ was in fact a relatively bloodless comic-opera…

Needless to say, we HAD to wargame it and in 2013-2014 we put on a series of demo games around the shows and in Fishguard town.

If you’ve only recently arrived on this blog and haven’t yet delved into the murky depths of the blog crypt, here are some links to the lunacy of our Battle of Fishguard wargaming:

The Battle that Never Was: The Battle of Fishguard 1797

French Forces at Fishguard

British Forces at Fishguard (Part 1): Commanders and Characters

British Forces at Fishguard (Part 2): Units

Scenario #1: The Ambush at Carnwnda

Scenario #2: The French Attack

The Further Adventures of the Black Legion

Jemima Fawr & Friends (Trent Miniatures Models)

Posted in 28mm Figures, British Grenadier! Rules (AWI), Campaigns, Eighteenth Century, Fishguard 1797, Games, Scenarios | Leave a comment

The Action at Wetlet, Burma 8th March 1945

Elements of 63rd Indian Bde and 255th Indian Tank Bde advance on Meiktila

Following my recent flurry of games using Battlefront: WWII rules (by Fire & Fury Games) to fight actions in 1980s Angola, the lads at The Carmarthen Old Guard were interested in how the rules actually work in their natural environment, playing WW2.

Well it’s been a while, so this week I dusted off my WW2 collection and decided to slash my way through the Burmese jungle for old times’ sake.  The last time I did a Burma game was about 10 years ago, with my good mate Martin and we played an excellent little scenario for the Battle of Wetlet (a side-action of the larger Battle of Meiktila) by our late and much-missed friend and transatlantic collaborator Mark Hayes.  The scenario was a cracking game with some finely balanced victory conditions, so thought it would make an ideal club-night game.  However, there were a few minor errors in terms of force composition and organisation in the original scenario, so I’ve tweaked it a little and posted the revised orders of battle below.  You will have to go to the original scenario on the Fire & Fury website for the map, scenario rules and victory conditions.

Historical Background

Following the failure of the twin Japanese offensives against India in 1943-44 (Operation Ha-Go and Operation U-Go) and the successful defence of Imphal, Field Marshal Bill Slim‘s XIVth Army fought through the Monsoon to keep the pressure on the retreating Japanese forces and push them all the way back into Burma, all the while building up an offensive force from the British-Indian IV Corps and XXXIII Corps at Imphal and XV Corps in the Arakan coastal region, with which to go on to the offensive as soon as the Monsoon broke in late 1944.

On 19th November 1944, Slim launched Operation CAPITAL, driving IV and XXXIII Corps deep into Burma, while XV Corps continued its operations along the Arakan coast.  By late January 1945, elements of XXXIII Corps had established a bridgehead across the huge Irrawaddy River and in early February 7th Indian Division of IV Corps launched a full-scale assault-crossing of the river further north at Pakkoku.  This was to be the longest assault river-crossing in history and was successful, with 7th Division establishing a bridgehead east of the river that was soon linked to the western bank by the longest Bailey Bridge in existence (all components of which had been dragged through jungle and over mountains on mud-tracks from India).

On 24th February, General ‘Punch’ Cowan’s 17th (‘Black Cat’) Indian Division (understrength, with only two brigades), with 255th Indian Tank Brigade under command, broke out from the bridgehead and drove hell-for-leather for the central Burmese city of Meiktila, which served as a vital road, rail and air transportation hub for the occupying Japanese.  The assault on the city began on 28th February and was complete only four days later.  With the local airfields captured, Cowan’s 99th Indian Brigade was flown in, along with Squadrons of the RAF Regiment, who would be responsible for defending the airfields and keeping them open for further reinforcement and resupply.

However, the Japanese were swift to respond and the reinforced 18th and 49th Divisions were moving to eject Cowan’s ‘Black Cats’ from the city.  Very quickly, strong Japanese forces cut 17th Indian Division’s lines of communication with the Irrawaddy Bridgehead and started forming up all round the city to pave the way for a major assault.  Cowan was determined not to passively wait for the Japanese to attack him and instead launched several strong mechanised columns out from the city to attack the new Japanese strongpoints; most critically those to the north-west, blocking the line of communication with the Irrawaddy Bridgehead.

One such column from 63rd Indian Brigade was formed from the major part of 9th Battalion the Border Regiment, reinforced by armour from the 9th (Royal Deccan) Horse (255th Indian Tank Brigade), recce from the Indian 16th Light Cavalry and divisional artillery.  They were ordered to advance north-west from the city and hook around the western shore of North Lake, striking at a battalion of the Japanese 106th Infantry Regiment, which was dug in to the village of Wetlet (marked on some maps as ‘Inpetlet’).

Allied Order of Battle 

Japanese Order of Battle 

The Game

Above:  The 2nd Battalion of the Japanese 106th Infantry Regiment digs into the lakeside village of Wetlet.

Above:  Some of the houses have been fortified to become pillboxes and house heavy machine guns.  A 37mm anti-tank gun is hidden in the red-roofed house and the Battalion HQ sets up in the orange house, ready to call for supporting fire from the 75mm regimental gun section, which is set up to the rear of the town.

Above:  In the woods around the town the Japanese have also established a few log bunkers.

Above:  Covering the western approaches to Wetlet, the Japanese 7th Company takes up position along the treeline, covering the open, dry paddy fields.

Above:  The Japanese 5th Company continues the line on the right of 7th Company, covering the northern road into town.  In front of them, in the middle of the open paddy is a fortified farmhouse.  A 37mm anti-tank gun covers the gap where the road passes through the belt of woodland.

Above:  The 6th Company forms a second line to the rear, reinforced by the 70mm battalion gun section.  The Regimental Transport Platoon stands ready to the rear.  [In game terms, around a quarter of the Japanese units are ‘dummy’ stands, whose existence will only be confirmed when they move, fire or are spotted by the Allies]

Above:  Led by the armoured cars and carriers of the 16th Light Cavalry, Lt Col Stedding’s main column arrives on the southern road.  As ‘D’ Company of the 9th Borders moves forward across the open paddy, the Borders’ 3-inch mortar platoon sets up and prepares to give supporting fire.

Above:  On the northern road, the Sherman V tanks of the 9th (Royal Deccan) Horse advance warily through the trees, flanked by ‘C’ company of the 9th Borders and followed by the OP Carrier of a Forward Observation Officer from 1st Indian Field Artillery Regiment.

Above:  Skirting the swamp at the northern end of the lake, the 16th Cavalry cover the treeline with their machine guns as ‘D’ Company advances into the woods.

Above:  Rifle fire suddenly rings out from a camouflaged bunker and a section of ‘D’ Company is cut down by the ambush!  The Japanese 7th Company also opens up from the treeline and both sides are soon pinned down in a tremendous firefight.

Above:  Over on the Allied left flank, ‘C’ Company emerges from the trees and spots the fortified farm.  There is no fire coming at them, but to play safe, they call up the Deccan Horse, who speculatively (and very effectively) shell the farm into rubble.  Meanwhile, although he can’t directly spot the Japanese 7th Company, the firefight erupting along the distant treeline is enough for him to call down a fire mission in support of ‘D’ Company on the right.

Above:  25pdr HE shells soon slamming into the treeline, causing massive disruption among the Japanese infantry.  However, the motto of the Indian Artillery is Sarvatra, which like the Royal Artillery’s Ubique, means ‘Everywhere’ or to everyone else in the Army ‘All Over The Place’… Shells also start landing among the left-flanking platoon of ‘D’ Company, causing serious disruption and much Cumbrian swearing!  Nevertheless, the rest of ‘D’ Company is still moving forward and as a wounded sergeant shouts “Remember Arroyo!  Gan git’em, marras!”, they successfully assault the bunker with grenade and bayonet.  However, this sharp little action has cost them a third of their rifle strength.

Above:  With the bunker eliminated, the 7th Company’s left flank is turned and the Borderers pour enfilading fire into the Japanese infantry.  With road now clear, 16th Light Cavalry push on toward the village.

Above:  With the Japanese 7th Company pinned down in front of them, ‘D’ Company launches a charge across the short stretch of open ground end kills or routs the enemy to their front.

Above:  The 9th Borders’ Mortar Platoon finally gets a call to action as it fires a smoke mission to support ‘C’ Company’s advance across the open paddy.  The 16th Light Cavalry Mortar Carrier however, remains silent.

Above:  As the Deccan Horse Shermans fire HE in direct support, the 9th Border mortars drop smoke in front of ‘C’ Company (indicated by the rather unattractive templates – I should have used white fluff!).  ‘C’ Company advances across the paddy, but gets rather bunched up as it bypasses the bunker.  The Japanese commander wishes he had more indirect fire support elements…

Above:  Nevertheless, he makes good use of what he does have… As the Borderers storm the Japanese positions they are hit hard by the Japanese 75mm Regimental Gun and suffer further casualties.

Above:  As the 16th Cavalry pass clear of the woodland they are still hemmed in between the swamp and a stream, so are in the ideal spot for an ambush.  Heavy machine gun fire rattles from the lakeside bunker and rings off the armour of the leading Carrier section, but only manages to suppress the Bren-gunners.

Above:  “Guru Nanak on a Bike!”  The Sikh cavalrymen are rather more shocked when a 37mm anti-tank gun opens up on them from the nearest building!  The Bren-gunners decide to take their chances in the open rather than sit inside a tin can, waiting for the next round to come through the armour!

Above:  As ‘C’ Company emerges from the smoke, they are extremely surprised to discover that the enemy has (mostly) gone!  However, a lone group of Japanese anti-tank-bombers remain to be winkled out of the bunker.  ‘C’ Company suffers the loss of one section during the assault on the bunker (their first casualties), but the Japanese hold-outs are eliminated and the bunker is taken.  To the left of the road, one section of Borderers occupies the fortified farm, while two sections push on with supporting tank fire, weathering flanking HMG fire, to eliminate a Japanese rifle section belonging to 5th Company.

Above:  As ‘C’ Company and the tanks push on through the woods, the Japanese 5th Company sallies out from the woods in an attempt to re-take the fortified farm.  However, fire from the farm, the rearmost tank and hastily-drawn Webleys belonging to the Carrier crew throw back the Japanese attack in disorder.

Above:  As they push on through the woods, ‘C’ Company is very pleasantly surprised to discover that the second Japanese line is a dummy, all save for one rifle section, which is eliminated in the open.  Meanwhile, the leading Deccan Horse Sherman comes under fire at point-blank range from a camouflaged 37mm anti-tank gun, but the Sherman’s thick armour (thick by Far Eastern standards, anyway!) easily shrugs it off and the anti-tank gunners and their supporting infantry are quickly dispatched by the supporting Borderers.

Above:  In front of ‘C’ Company there appears to be nothing but running Japanese infantry!  However, they are now coming under fire from a 70mm Battalion Gun positioned in the treeline on their left and this might be a good time to pull back to the treeline and let the tanks,  artillery and mortars do their work…

Above:  The much-depleted ‘D’ Company meanwhile, has already run into trouble while attempting to push forward.  Borderers are cut down in the open by previously unseen, bunkered HMGs and the remainder are pinned down.  The Baluchis bring their Vickers MMGs up to the treeline ready to support the assault, but ‘D’ Company is now down 50% strength and is in no mood to press forward!

Above:  On their right, the Japanese 37mm anti-tank gun is having a field day as a Carrier section is knocked out.  The dismounted cavalrymen scramble for cover, but are targeted by lethal 75mm indirect fire and two of the three sections are eliminated!  Frantic calls for smoke support from their mortar section goes unheeded.

Above:  The Daimler Armoured Car section pushes forward, hoping to get close enough to effectively take on the dug-in AT gun, but all to no avail as the car suffers a direct hit and bursts into flames!

Sadly, while ‘C’ Company and the Deccan Horse were doing well, the attritional losses suffered by ‘D’ Company and the 16th Light Cavalry meant that the Allies were unable to fulfill their victory conditions… Bah…

Thanks to Chris and Phil for a great game!  Special thanks to Phil for providing the magnificent palm-trees, undergrowth and bunkers.

The figures and vehicles are from my collection: infantry are mostly by Peter Pig, while the Sikhs are by Flames of War.  The Light Cavalry armoured car, scout car and carriers are by Skytrex, as are most of the Jeeps.  The rest of the vehicles are by Flames of War.


Posted in 15mm Figures, Battlefront: WW2, Games, Scenarios, World War 2, World War 2 - Burma Campaign | Leave a comment

Playing Brigade Fire & Fury 2nd Edition in 10mm (‘I Did It My Way…’)

The Union I Corps organised for Gettysburg.

About 18 months ago I started out on a new ACW wargames project, despite previously telling myself in no uncertain terms that I was not to start anything new…   However, I managed to convince myself that as I was doing it in 10mm, it would be cheap, would be quick to paint, would be easy to store and could be played on a modestly-sized table.  somewhat amazingly, that all actually turned out to be true!  Brigade Fire & Fury (I quickly settled on using the 2nd Edition, despite my initial decision to start out with 1st Edition) has proven to be a truly superb set of rules, the armies have been cheap, quick and easy to build and I’ve been able to play games in a relatively modest space.

Needless to say, lots of people came out of the woodwork AFTER I’d started this project to say that they also had 10mm ACW armies.  However, they all seem to have taken the ‘traditional’ approach; using the normal ’15mm’ Fire & Fury base-sizes, but filling the bases with between 5 & 9 10mm figures.  This looks absolutely amazing, but contradicts most of my personal objectives – to do it quickly, cheaply and on a modestly-sized table.

A few mates have been asking me about what I do for base-sizes and scales, so here’s a recap and some of movement and firing tables converted to my chosen ground-scale.  Essentially, I decided to reduce all the scales by 1/5th, so 1 ‘game inch’ (25mm) becomes 20mm and a five-foot table becomes a four-foot table.  The maths is actually very easy to do – double the number of inches and call them centimetres.  So 1 inch becomes 2cms.

Here’s a chart showing my chosen base-sizes.  The various markers have finally given me a use for the piles of useless Euro-Cent loose change that always accumulates at the end of every holiday! 🙂 

A Union cavalry division mounted up.

The Union cavalry division dismounted. The horse-holders and division leader are based on 2 pence pieces (25mm discs).



Here we have Reb Disorder Markers based on 2 Cent pieces, Reb Low Ammo markers on 1 Cent pieces and Cavalry Exceptional Leader Markers for both sides on 2 Cent pieces.

Here are Union Disorder Markers on 2 Cent pieces, Low Ammo Markers on 1 Cent pieces and Damaged Battery Markers on 5 Cent pieces.  Although not pictured, I use dismounted officer figures on 1 Cent pieces for Infantry Exceptional Leader Markers.

A Reb Corps Leaders (A.P. Hill), with standard bearer and aides on a 40mm MDF disc base.

Here’s the Movement Rate chart re-scaled for my method with all distances in cms:

Reb artillery. Note that the 20mm frontage might be a bit of a squeeze using other manufacturers’ models (I use Pendraken), so increasing to 25mm would be no drama. Remember to keep the limber frontage the same as the gun frontage.

Here’s my re-scaled Musketry Chart:

To ease play and save on having to conduct (admittedly simply) mental arithmetic, I’ve made range-sticks out of 2cm-wide wooden beading, marked with the weapon-code and with the fire-points marked off in each range band.  The width of 2cm equates to the clear gap of 1 ‘game inch’ that needs to be present in order for a unit to fire at a target.  After making the sticks I had 24cm left over, so I also made a command-span stick, which comes in handy.

In addition to the self-explanatory Command Span stick, here we have the range sticks for Rifled Muskets (RM), Repeating Rifles (RP) and Smoothbore Muskets, Shotguns and Hunting Rifles (SM/SH).

The middle two sticks are reversible, so here they’re flipped over to reveal Mixed Muskets and Rifle & Carbine fire points (MM/RC) and Breechloaders (BL).

And here is the re-scaled Cannonade Chart:

Canister range-bands are marked off in red ink, while Shot & Shell ranges are marked in black. Again, some of the sticks are reversible, so the Light Rifle (LR) stick flips over to reveal Heavy Rifle (HR) factors. The Rifle & Napoleon (RN) stick has Rifle & Smoothbore (RS) on the reverse and the Napoleon (NP) stick has Smoothbore (SB) on the reverse.

Anyway, that’s how I scale Fire & Fury for 10mm figures…  Have fun!

114th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment (‘Zouaves d’Afrique’)

Posted in 10mm Figures, American Civil War, Fire & Fury (Brigade) | Leave a comment

The Battle of Dennewitz, 6th September 1813: A Scenario for ‘Napoleon’s Battles’

A question that’s often asked on wargame forums is “What is your favourite Napoleonic battle to wargame?”  My answer to this is a fairly obscure one; the Battle of Dennewitz in 1813.  It’s an interesting and exciting encounter battle between two armies on the march and the cosmopolitan nature of both armies (Prussians, Russians, Swedes and a single battery of British Rocket-Artillery on one side and French, Saxons, Bavarians, Würrtembergers, Hessians, Italians, Poles and Westphalians on the other) makes it a very colourful spectacle and fairly easy to set up if you have a club with lots of small armies.

I’ve played it five times now (all with Napoleon’s Battles 1st Edition) and the honours have been fairly evenly split: three French victories to two Allied victories.  However, I haven’t played it recently and have no photographs of games in progress, but here’s the scenario, anyway.

OK, it involves the Swedes and in 35 years of wargaming, I’m the only person I know with a Swedish Napoleonic army… However, if it were me I would simply substitute another army (e.g. Austrian) using the Swedish stats and crack on with the scenario – it’s a great one to play.

Historical Background

Marshal Oudinot

When the Campaign of Germany recommenced in August 1813 following a two-month armistice, Napoleon created a new ‘Army of Berlin’ under Marshal Oudinot with three army corps (IV, VII & XII Corps), with the mission of recapturing the Prussian capital city of Berlin, thereby keeping the Allied Army of the North busy while Napoleon concentrated his efforts in Saxony against Blücher’s Army of Silesia.  However, Oudinot was suffering from ill health, the weather was atrocious and his three separate columns failed to maintain effective communication with each other.  Added to all this was a distinct lack of enthusiasm among the German contingents in the army, particularly the Saxons of General Reynier’s VII Corps.

Crown Prince Charles John of Sweden (Bernadotte)

This all played into the Allies’ hands, as they had already agreed a strategy, the Trachenberg Plan, whereby they would weaken Napoleon by avoiding battle when he was personally present, while concentrating against armies commanded by his marshals.  Consequently, as Oudinot’s ‘Army of Berlin’ launched a piecemeal attack against General von Bülow’s Prussian III Korps at Grossbeeren on 23rd August, Crown Prince Charles John of Sweden (the former French Marshal Bernadotte) quickly brought the rest of his army to Bülow’s aid and threw back Oudinot’s army, which retreated to Wittenberg.

Marshal Ney

A furious Napoleon dispatched Marshal Ney to take over Oudinot’s depleted and demoralised command, with orders to once again march on Berlin; an appointment that Oudinot deeply resented.  However, no fresh troops were able to be spared, so Ney would have to make do with the exact-same troops who had already been defeated once in this campaign.

Ney’s Army of Berlin this time advanced in a single column, instead of Oudinot’s previous and problematic disposition of three columns.  Advancing on the town of Juterbog, they soon encountered elements of Bülow’s Prussian III Korps.  However, the outnumbered and poor-quality French cavalry were soon driven back by numerous Allied cavalrymen and the French were once again advancing blind into enemy territory, just had Oudinot had done in the previous month.

Generalleutnant von Bülow

Bülow was content to shadow Ney’s advance for the moment, as he lacked sufficient strength to attack.  He knew that Ney would eventually run into General von Tauentzein’s Prussian IV Korps, which was guarding the southern approaches to Juterbog and Berlin.  The IV Korps consisted almost entirely of Landwehr militia, but would hopefully hold Ney in place and delay him long enough for Bülow to move against Ney’s flank, closely followed by Winzingerode‘s Russian Corps and von Stedingk‘s Swedish Corps.

Generalleutnant von Tauentzein

Very soon after commencing the advance, on 6th September Ney’s leading corps (Bertrand‘s IV Corps) encountered Tauentzein’s IV Korps just to the north of the village of Dennewitz.  Bertrand deployed his corps into battle order, intent on sweeping the Landwehr away and resuming the advance on Berlin.  However, Tauentzein’s hard-pressed men held on long enough for Bülow’s III Korps to relieve them and re-take the critical high ground that had been lose to Bertrand’s men.

Général de Division Bertrand

As reinforcements arrived on both sides (first Reynier’s Franco-Saxon VII Corps, then Winzingerode’s Russian Corps, then Oudinot’s Franco-Bavarian XII Corps), the situation swung back and forth until a key moment in the battle, when Marshal Oudinot was ordered by Ney to withdraw his forces from the front line to form a reserve for the army.  The Allies saw this retrograde movement as a retreat and their assault suddenly increased in tempo and ferocity.  This renewed assault coincided with the arrival of Stedingk’s Swedish Corps and Ney’s demoralised army was finally routed.

Generallieutenant Winzingerode

The Battle of Dennewitz resulted in around 10,000 to 11,000 casualties per side, though more crucially, the French defeat pushed them firmly back behind the river Elbe and threatened the northern flank of Napoleon’s entire position in Saxony (Napoleon was already reeling from the destruction of Vandamme’s corps on the southern border of Saxony).  The Bavarians, already wavering, now abandoned Napoleon altogether and returned to Bavaria.  In a further attempt to divide Napoleon’s German allies, the Crown Prince of Sweden, already a popular figure in Saxony, appealed to the Saxons to turn against Napoleon.  This they would finally do a month later, during a critical moment at the height of the Battle of Leipzig.  General von Bülow, who had commanded virtually the entire battle, was honoured with the title of Graf von Dennewitz.

Game Length and Sequence

1100hrs to 2000hrs (19 turns).  The French have the first turn.

Victory Conditions

The objective of this scenario is simply to break the opposing army.


All buildings have a defensive modifier of +1.

The Agger stream is extremely muddy due to recent torrential rain and is impassable to all troop types.

Each square on the map represents 12 inches on the table, or 1,200 yards.

Terrain Map

Deployment Map

Marshal Ney

French Order of Battle

The French Army of Berlin

Marshal Ney, Prince of the Moskwa and Duke of Elchingen
[7 Free Rolls]

IV Corps – Général de Division Bertrand
8”G(5)+1 [6F]

12th Division – Général de Division Morand                                           5”E(8)+2
Blair’s Brigade (8ème Légère – veterans)                                                             16 FrVLT [8D]
Toussaint’s Brigade (13ème de Ligne)                                                                  24 FrLN [14D]
Hulot’s Brigade (23ème de Ligne)                                                                         24 FrLN [14D]

15th (Italian) Division – Général de Division Fontanelli                   4”A(6)+1
Martel’s Brigade                                                                                                        20 ItLN [11D]
Moroni’s Brigade                                                                                                       24 ItLN [14D]
St. Andrea’s Brigade                                                                                                 24 ItLT [14D]

38th (Württemberg) Division – Generalleutnant Franquemont   3”G(5)+1
Stockmayer’s Brigade                                                                                                16 WtVLN [8D]
Spitzenberg’s Brigade                                                                                                16 WtVLN [8D]

IV Corps Cavalry Reserve – Général de Brigade Briche                     4”A(5)+0
Von Jett’s Württemberg Cavalry Brigade                                                             12 WtLC [6D]
1st Württemberg Horse Battery                                                                              Wt6#

18th Light Cavalry Bde – Général de Brigade Kruckowiecki*         4″A(5)+0
Kruckowiecki’s Polish Cavalry Brigade                                                                12 PdLC [6D]

IV Corps Artillery Reserve
24/2nd Foot Artillery                                                                                               Fr12#
26/2nd Foot Artillery                                                                                               Fr12#
8/4th Horse Artillery                                                                                               Fr6#

5th Light Cavalry Division – Général de Division Lorge†                 3”G(6)+1
Jacquinot’s Brigade (Chasseurs)                                                                           16 FrLC [10D]
Merlin’s Brigade (Chasseurs)                                                                                 12 FrLC [7D]
1/5th Horse Artillery                                                                                                Fr6#
5/5th Horse Artillery                                                                                               Fr6#

VII Corps – Général de Division Reynier
8”A(5)+1D [7F]

24th (Saxon) Division – Generalleutnant Lecoq                                  4”A(6)+1
Saxon Guards & Grenadiers                                                                                   16 SxGD [6D]
Von Brause’s Brigade                                                                                              16 SxLN [11D]
Von Mellentin’s Brigade                                                                                         16 SxLN [11D]

25th (Saxon) Division Generalleutnant von Sahr                               3”A(5)+0
Von Bosch’s Brigade                                                                                                16 SxLN [11D]
Von Ryssel’s Brigade                                                                                               16 SxLN [11D]

32nd Division – Général de Division Durutte                                        3”G(6)+1
35ème Légère (veterans)                                                                                        16 FrVLT [8D]
36ème Légère (veterans)                                                                                        16 FrVLT [8D]
Jarry’s Brigade                                                                                                          20 FrLN [12D]
De Vaux’s Brigade                                                                                                    16 FrLN [10D]
Menu’s Brigade                                                                                                         20 FrLN [12D]

VII Corps Cavalry Reserve Oberst von Lindenau                               4”A(5)+0
Saxon Hussar Regiment                                                                                         12 SxLC [6D]
Saxon ‘Prinz Clemens’ Chevauxleger (Uhlan) Regiment                                 12 SxLC [6D]
1st Saxon Horse Battery                                                                                         Sx6#
2nd Saxon Horse Battery                                                                                       Sx6#

VII Corps Artillery Reserve
5th Saxon Foot Battery                                                                                           Sx12#

4th Heavy Cavalry Division – Général de Division Defrance†       4”G(6)+1
Avice’s Brigade (Dragoons)                                                                                   16 FrLC [10D]
Quinette’s Brigade (Dragoons)                                                                             12 FrLC [7D]
4/6th Horse Artillery                                                                                              Fr6#

XII Corps – Marshal Oudinot, Duke of Reggio
9”E(5)+2 [5F]

13th Division – Général de Division Pacthod                                         3”G(5)+1
Bardet’s Brigade                                                                                                       16 FrLN [10D]
Cacault’s Brigade                                                                                                     20 FrLN [12D]

14th Division – Général de Division Guilleminot                                 3”A(4)+0
18ème Légère                                                                                                            16 FrLT [10D]
Gruyer’s Brigade                                                                                                      24 FrLN [14D]
Brun de Villeret’s Brigade                                                                                      24 FrLN [14D]

29th (Bavarian) Division – Generalleutnant von Raglowich         3”A(4)+0
Von Beckers’ Brigade                                                                                              24 BvLN [14D]
Maillot de la Traille’s Brigade                                                                               24 BvLN [14D]
1st Bavarian Foot Battery                                                                                      Bv12#

XII Corps Cavalry Reserve – Général de Division Beaumont       4”G(6)+1
Bavarian, Westphalian & Hessian Cavalry Regiments                                    16 BvLC [8D]

XII Corps Artillery Reserve
1/4th Foot Artillery                                                                                                 Fr12#
18/4th Foot Artillery                                                                                               Fr12#
3/5th Horse Artillery                                                                                              Fr6#

6th Light Cavalry Division – Général de Division Fournier†         3”A(5)+0
Mouriez’s Brigade (Chasseurs & Hussars)                                                        16 FrLC [10D]
Ameil’s Brigade (Hussars)                                                                                    12 FrLC [7D]
2/1st Horse Artillery                                                                                              Fr6#

III Corps (Elements)

27th (Polish) Division – Général de Division Dabrowski*              4”E(7)+1 [1F]
Zoltowski’s Brigade                                                                                                16 PdLN [8D]
Zwiecki’s Horse Battery                                                                                         Pd6#

* Kruckowiecki’s 18th Light Cavalry Brigade was actually part of Dabrowski’s 27th Division, but was deployed forward with Bertrand’s IV Corps.

† The Cavalry Divisions of Lorge, Defrance and Fournier, were actually part of Arrighi’s III Reserve Cavalry Corps.  However, Arrighi had been sent to be the garrison commander at Leipzig and his corps had been split up between the three corps of the Army of Berlin.

Duchy of Warsaw Infantry

Saxon Foot Artillery

French Deployment and Reinforcement Schedule

Général de Division Reynier

Note that all French and French-allied reinforcements will arrive at Poinx X, Y or Z (player’s choice) in March Column formation.  Corps Reserve Artillery batteries may arrive at the rear of any infantry division; either en masse or split between divisions.  Horse batteries may alternatively be assigned to a cavalry division.

I find that it’s more fun to use the Variable Arrival Time method, as described in Rule 10.1 of the Napoleon’s Battles 4th Edition rulebook.  Roll separately for each Divisional Commander and Corps Commander.

1100hrs (Game Start)Ney, Bertrand and Reynier are on table at the start.  The entirety of Bertrand’s IV Corps is also on table, deployed as shown on the map.  Most units may be deployed in any formation, but two of Morand’s brigades, one of Franquemont’s brigades and the entirety of the Corps Artillery Reserve must be placed in March Column formation as shown on the map.  Any other IV Corps artillery units may be placed on the map deployed or limbered, in any location within 2 inches of one of their divisional units.  Reynier’s VII Corps (minus Durutte’s and Defrance’s Divisions, which have yet to arrive) is deployed in March Column as per the map.

1200hrs (Turn 3)Durutte‘s Division (VII Corps) arrives.

1230hrs (Turn 4)Defrance‘s Division (VII Corps) arrives.

1300hrs (Turn 5)Oudinot (XII Corps) and Pacthod‘s Division (XII Corps) arrive.

1330hrs (Turn 6)Guilleminot‘s Division (XII Corps) arrives.

1400hrs (Turn 7)Raglowich‘s Division (XII Corps) arrives.

1430hrs (Turn 8)Beaumont‘s Division (XII Corps) and Dabrowski‘s Division (III Corps) arrive.

1500hrs (Turn 9)Fournier‘s Division (XII Corps) arrives.

2000hrs (Turn 19) – Last Turn.

Duchy of Warsaw Horse Artillery

Allied Order of Battle

The Allied Army of the North

Crown Prince Charles Bernadotte of Sweden
(not present)

Acting Commander-in-Chief
Generalleutnant von Bülow
[6 Free Rolls]

Prussian III Korps (Bülow) [9F]

3rd Brigade – Generalmajor von Hessen-Homburg                         4”G(6)+1D
4th (3rd East Prussian) Infantry Regiment                                                      16 PrLN [8D]
4th Reserve Infantry Regiment                                                                           16 PrLN [8D]
3rd East Prussian Landwehr Infantry Regiment                                             16 PrLW [10D]

4th Brigade – Generalmajor von Thümen                                              4”G(6)+1
5th (4th East Prussian) Infantry Regiment                                                       16 PrLN [8D]
5th Reserve Infantry Regiment                                                                            16 PrLN [8D]
Elbe Infantry Regiment                                                                                         16 PrLN [8D]
1st (Leib) Hussar Regiment                                                                                  12 PrLC [6D]
4th 12pdr Foot Battery                                                                                           Pr12#
Russian 7th Position Battery                                                                                2x Rs12#

5th Brigade – Generalmajor von Borstell                                               4”G(7)+0
2nd (1st Pommeranian) Infantry Regiment                                                      16 PrLN [8D]
2nd Reserve Infantry Regiment                                                                           16 PrLN [8D]
2nd Kurmärk Landwehr Infantry Regiment                                                     16 PrLW [10D]
5th (Pommeranian) Hussar Regiment                                                               12 PrLC [6D]

6th Brigade – Generalmajor von Krafft                                                    3”G(6)+1D
9th (Colberg) Infantry Regiment                                                                          16 PrLN [8D]
9th Reserve Infantry Regiment                                                                             16 PrLN [8D]
1st Neumark Landwehr Infantry Regiment                                                        16 PrLW [10D]
5th 12pdr Foot Battery                                                                                            Pr12#
Russian 21st Position Battery                                                                                2x Rs12#

Reserve Cavalry Brigade – Generalmajor von Oppen                        4”A(7)+0
1st (Queen’s) Dragoon Regiment                                                                          12 PrLC [6D]
5th (Brandenburg) & 4th (2nd West Prussian) Dragoon Regiments            12 PrLC [6D]
Landwehr Cavalry Brigade                                                                                     12 PrLWC [7D]
5th 6pdr Horse Battery                                                                                           Pr6#
6th 6pdr Horse Battery                                                                                           Pr6#

Prussian IV Korps – Generalleutnant von Tauentzein
9”G(8)+1 [3F]

1st Brigade – Generalmajor von Dobschütz                                             3”A(5)+0
3rd Reserve Infantry Regiment                                                                              16 PrLN [8D]
1st Kurmark Landwehr Infantry Regiment                                                          16 PrLW [10D]
1st Silesian Landwehr Infantry Regiment                                                            16 PrSLW [10D]
Landwehr Cavalry Brigade                                                                                      12 PrLWC [7D]

2nd Brigade – Generalmajor von Lindenau                                             4”A(5)+0
5th Kurmark Landwehr Infantry Regiment                                                         16 PrLW [10D]
2nd Neumark Landwehr Infantry Regiment                                                       16 PrLW [10D]

IV Korps Artillery Reserve
11th 6pdr Horse Battery                                                                                            Pr6#

Russian Corps – Generallieutenant Winzingerode
7”A(4)+0 [6F]

Advanced Guard Division – Generalieutenant Voronzov                  4”G(7)+1D
Kniper’s Jäger Brigade                                                                                              16 RsJG [8D]
Beckendorf’s Cavalry Brigade                                                                                  20 RsLC [10D]
Melnikov IV’s Cossack Brigade                                                                                12 RsCLC [8D]
Brandel’s Cossack Brigade                                                                                        12 RsCLC [8D]
11th Horse Battery                                                                                                      2x Rs6#

21st Division – Generalmajor Laptiev                                                          3”A(5)+1
Rosen II’s Brigade                                                                                                      20 RsLN [10D]
Rudinger’s Brigade                                                                                                    16 RsJG [8D]
31st Position Battery                                                                                                 2x Rs12#

24th Division – Generalmajor Vuich                                                           3”A(4)+0
Zwarkin’s Brigade                                                                                                     20 RsLN [10D]
Maznev’s Brigade                                                                                                      20 RsLN [10D]
26th Position Battery                                                                                               2x Rs12#

Temporary Division – Generalmajor Harpe                                           3”P(6)+0
Tula & Navajinsk IRs                                                                                               20 RsLN [10D]
Converged Grenadier Brigade                                                                               20 RsCGN [8D]
13th Horse Battery                                                                                                   2x Rs6#

Cavalry Division – Generalmajor Orurk                                                   4”G(6)+0
Manteuffel’s Brigade (Dragoons & Hussars)                                                      20 RsLC [10D]
Pahlen’s Brigade (Hussars & Chasseurs)                                                             12 RsLC [6D]
Zagriajski’s Brigade (Dragoons & Hussars)                                                        16 RsLC [8D]
Illowaiski IV’s Cossack Brigade                                                                             20 RsCLC [14D]
1st Horse Battery                                                                                                      2x Rs6#
4th Horse Battery                                                                                                     2x Rs6#
5th Horse Battery                                                                                                     2x Rs6#

Swedish Corps – Generallieutenant von Stedingk
8”A(6)+1D [4F]

1st Division – Generallieutenant Posse†                                                     3”G(5)+1
1st (Schutzenheim’s) Brigade                                                                                24 SwGD [10D]
2nd (Lagerbring’s) Brigade                                                                                    24 SwLN [12D]

2nd Division – Generallieutenant Sandels                                              3”G(6)+1
3rd (Brandstrom’s) Brigade                                                                                   24 SwLN [12D]
4th (Reuterskjold’s) Brigade                                                                                  24 SwLN [12D]
6th (Boize’s) Brigade                                                                                               24 SwLN [12D]
Heavy Battery, Svea Artillery Regiment                                                              Sw12#

Cavalry Division – Generallieutenant Sköldebrand                           3”A(6)+0
Guard Cavalry Brigade†                                                                                          16 SwGHC [6D]
Hussar Brigade                                                                                                         16 SwLC [8D]
1st Horse Battery, Wendes Artillery Regiment                                                  Sw6#
2nd Horse Battery, Wendes Artillery Regiment                                                Sw6#
British Rocket Troop, Royal Horse Artillery                                                      BrRHA

Generallieutenant Stedingk

* The Prussian command structure of this period is complicated.  Prussian ‘Brigades’ were actually Divisions in anyone else’s language and while they were sometimes confusingly sub-divided into brigades (particularly in Reserve Cavalry formations), the Regiment was usually the basic tactical unit.

† The Swedish Guard Cavalry Brigade was attached to Posse’s 1st Swedish Division during the march to the battlefield.  This unit may therefore be commanded by either Posse or Sköldebrand.

‡ As Crown Prince Charles John of Sweden (Bernadotte) did not arrive until very late in the battle, Bülow is the de facto C-in-C for this scenario.  However, as Bülow does not arrive immediately, Tauentzein will be acting C-in-C, with an Activation rating of 10 until Bülow arrives on the table, whereupon Tauentzein will revert to his own Activation rating of 8.

Prussian Elbe Infantry Regiment

Prussian 5th (Brandenburg) Dragoon Regiment

Allied Deployment and Reinforcement Schedule

All elements of Bülow’s III Korps will arrive deployed for battle, in any formation, with artillery limbered.  The constituent regiments of each ‘Brigade’ (i.e. Division) may be deployed up to 6 inches either side of their arrival point (Points A, B, C or D).  All units of Winzingerode’s Russian and Stedingk’s Swedish Corps will arrive in March Column formation at Point A.

I find that it’s more fun to use the Variable Arrival Time method, as described in Rule 10.1 of the Napoleon’s Battles 4th Edition rulebook.  Roll separately for each Divisional Commander and Corps Commander.  Note that on Turn 1 you can roll twice for the reinforcements scheduled to arrive on Turn 2 – once to see if they arrive an hour early (on a 1) and again to see if they arrive 30 minutes early (on 1, 2 or 3).  In our last game, Bülow persistently refused to arrive until around Turn 6, despite repeated re-roll markers!  The French also successfully made us re-roll our one early success in rolling for him… Bah!

1100hrs (Game Start) – Only Tauentzein’s Prussian IV Korps is present on table and is deployed in any formation in the area shown on the map above.  The corps may be completely redeployed as the Allied player sees fit, provided that it stays on the area of high ground.  Note that Tauentzein acts as C-in-C until Bülow arrives.

1130hrs (Turn 2)Bülow (C-in-C) and Thümen‘s Brigade (III Korps) arrive at Point A.

1200hrs (Turn 3)Krafft‘s Brigade (III Korps) arrives at Point B.

1230hrs (Turn 4)Hessen-Homburg‘s Brigade (III Korps) arrives at Point C.

1300hrs (Turn 5)Oppen‘s Brigade (III Korps) arrives at Point D.  Borstell‘s Brigade (III Korps) arrives at Point A.

1330hrs (Turn 6)Sköldebrand‘s Division (Swedish Corps), minus the Guard Cavalry Brigade, arrives at Point A.

1400hrs (Turn 7)Voronzov‘s Division (Russian Corps) arrives at Point A.

1430hrs (Turn 8)Winzingerode and Laptiev‘s Division (Russian Corps) arrive at Point A.

1500hrs (Turn 9)Orurk‘s Division (Russian Corps) arrives at Point A.

1600hrs (Turn 10)Vuich‘s Division (Russian Corps) arrives at Point A.

1630hrs (Turn 11)Harpe‘s Division (Russian Corps) arrives at Point A.

1700hrs (Turn 12)Stedingk, the Swedish Guard Cavalry Brigade and Posse‘s Division (Swedish Corps) arrive at Point A.

1730hrs (Turn 13)Sandels‘ Division (Swedish Corps) arrives at Point A.

2000hrs (Turn 19) – Last Turn.

Prussian 1st Kurmark Landwehr Cavalry Regiment

French Unit Labels

Allied Unit Labels

Posted in 15mm Figures, Napoleon's Battles (Rules), Napoleonic Wars, Scenarios | 10 Comments

See You At Crusade! (unless you spot me first, obviously…)

The car’s all packed and we’ll be heading off in the morning at oh-f@£&-hundred-hours to the Crusade 2020 show in Penarth.  So I hope to see a few of you there! 🙂

And the offer still stands: if anyone wants to play for a short while, all day or simply wants to roll the odd dice, please do ask! 🙂

Posted in 15mm Figures, Battlefront: First Echelon, Battlefront: WW2, Cold War - Angolan Border War, Crusade (Show) | Leave a comment

“In Dixie Land I’ll Make My Stand”: Building a 10mm Confederate Army (Part 3)

Rodes’ Division at Gettysburg

As discussed in Part 1 and Part 2 of this series, I’ve been building 10mm Confederate and Union armies for the American Civil War, using the orders of battle for the first day of the iconic Battle of Gettysburg as my immediate ‘to do’ list.  On that day, the leading elements of General A. P. Hill’s Confederate III Corps encountered Buford’s Union 1st Cavalry Division near the Pennsylvania town of Gettysburg.  The battle rapidly sucked in the rest of the III Corps, as well as Ewell’s Confederate II Corps, Reynolds’ Union I Corps, Howard’s Union XI Corps and Slocum’s Union XII Corps.  Over the next few days the battle would suck in the rest of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and the Union Army of the Potomac.

My ACW armies are organised for Brigade Fire & Fury rules, which are now in their second edition, whereby each unit or troops represents a brigade, each stand of troops represents 200 men and each gun model represents eight guns.

Major General Robert E. Rodes had rather unusually, never served in the regular pre-war U.S. Army.  He had been educated at the Virginia Military Institute (VMI) and upon graduation had been given a place on the VMI teaching staff.  However, a senior professorship was denied to him when Thomas Jackson (later to be immortalised as ‘Stonewall’ Jackson) was selected for that post.  Leaving the VMI, Rodes then embarked on a successful career as the senior civil engineer for the Alabama and Chattanooga Railroad Company.

Upon the outbreak of war, Rodes was commissioned into the Confederate Army as Colonel of the 5th Alabama Infantry in Ewell’s Brigade, but very quickly found himself promoted to Brigadier-General, commanding a brigade of D. H. Hill’s Division.  Badly wounded at Seven Pines, he returned to action at Gaine’s Mill, but was again hospitalised due to the effects of wounds and sickness.  Once recovered, he returned to D. H. Hill’s Division, as part of Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia.  Quickly proving himself as an excellent brigade commander, he successfully held one of the hottest sectors of the bloody battlefield Antietam, the Sunken Road, though was wounded once again.

In 1863 Rodes was appointed to command a division in Thomas ‘Stonewall’ Jackson’s Corps, becoming the very first one of Lee’s divisional commanders who had not graduated from West Point.  At Chancellorsville, Rodes’ Division led the devastating flank attack that broke the Union XI Corps.  Mortally wounded at Chancellorsville, ‘Stonewall’ Jackson ordered from his death-bed that Rodes be promoted to Major General.

On 1st July 1863, Rodes’ 3rd Division was the first formation of Ewell’s II Corps to arrive on the field of Gettysburg, emerging from the wooded Oak Hill to attack the right flank of the Union I Corps along the railroad cut and the Mummasburg Road.  However, Rodes was uncharacteristically cautious during the pursuit of the broken Union formations and they were able to successfully disengage and reform on Cemetery Hill.  Rodes’ Division then remained largely idle for the rest of the battle.

After Gettysburg, Rodes continued to have a successful career as a divisional commander, though at the Third Battle of Winchester in September 1864 he was struck in the head by a Union shell fragment and was killed instantly.

Above:  Rodes’ 3rd Division of II Corps on parade.  For this formation I used all Pendraken’s ‘marching’ poses, including the ‘Right Shoulder Shift’ pack.

Above: Brigadier General Junius Daniel’s 1st Brigade was the strongest brigade in the division, being formed from the 32nd, 43rd, 45th & 53rd North Carolina Infantry Regiments and the 2nd North Carolina Battalion (I’m not sure why this last unit was identified as a ‘Battalion’ – a reserve/replacement unit, perhaps?).  This brigade arrived on the right of Rodes’ Division and was immediately thrown into some bitter fighting along the railroad cut, consequently suffering high casualties.  Starting the battle with 2,160 men (11 bases in Brigade Fire & Fury), the division suffered 950 casualties, equating to 44%.

Above:  Brigadier George Doles’ 2nd Brigade was formed from the 4th, 12th, 21st & 44th Georgia Infantry Regiments and started the Battle of Gettysburg with 1,325 men (7 bases in Brigade Fire & Fury).  The Brigade suffered proportionately light casualties during the four days of the battle, losing 220 men or 17% of its strength.

Above: Brigadier General Alfred Iverson’s 3rd Brigade was formed from the 5th, 12th, 20th & 23rd North Carolina Infantry Regiments, totalling 1,385 men (7 bases in Brigade Fire & Fury).  Being placed in the centre of Rodes’ line and thrown into the ‘angle’ between Cutler’s and Baxter’s Union Brigades, the brigade suffered proportionately heavy losses; 900 men or 65% of their strength.

Above:  Brigadier General Stephen D. Ramseur’s 4th Brigade was yet another formation from North Carolina, comprising the 2nd, 4th, 14th & 30th North Carolina Infantry Regiments.  The brigade started Gettysburg with 1,025 men and suffered the loss of 280, or 27% of its strength.

Above:  Colonel Edward A. O’Neal’s 5th Brigade was formed from the 3rd, 5th, 6th, 12th and 26th Alabama Infantry Regiments (as mentioned above, Rodes had been Colonel of the 5th Alabama in 1861), for a total of 1,688 men (9 bases).  The brigade suffered relatively high losses; 695 men or 41% of its strength.

Above:  Lieutenant Colonel Thomas H. Carter’s Divisional Artillery Battalion comprised four batteries, each of four guns:

Captain Reese’s Jefferson Davis Alabama Artillery (4x Ordnance 3-inch Rifles).
Captain Carter’s King William Virginia Artillery (2x 12pdr Napoleons & 2x 10pdr Parrott Rifles).
Captain Page’s Morris Virginia Artillery (4x 12pdr Napoleons).
Captain Fry’s Orange Virginia Artillery (2x Ordnance 3-inch Rifles & 2x 10pdr Parrott Rifles).

In Brigade Fire & Fury, each gun model represents a ‘battery’ of eight guns, so the sixteen guns are here represented by two models; namely an iron 10pdr Parrott Rifle and a brass 12pdr Napoleon.  In game terms these are classed as a battery of ‘Light Rifles’ and a battery of mixed ‘Rifles & Napoleons’.

Anyway, that’s it for now.  All the models are by Pendraken.  More ACW stuff to come, including A.P. Hill’s Confederate Division, Confederate cavalry and the Union XII Corps.

Posted in 10mm Figures, American Civil War, American Civil War Confederate Army, Fire & Fury (Brigade), Painted Units | 2 Comments