“Mother Russia, Rain Down, Down, Down!”: My Napoleonic Russians (Part 3: The Pavlov Grenadier Regiment)

As the surviving readers of this blog will know, I often get stuff wrong and this blog mostly exists as a warning to other wargamers, being a record of where I went wrong and how to avoid such schoolboy errors…  However, it’s not often that I get a unit wrong even before I start painting… 

That is until I came to paint the Pavlov Grenadier Regiment…

I think it’s fair to say that almost every wargamer with a Russian Napoleonic army will have the Pavlov Grenadiers/Guards somewhere in their collection and most will look like these fellas; splendid in their tall grenadier mitre-caps… Which of course, is where the story goes horribly wrong…

Tony Barton sculpted these figures in around 1998.  There was a lot of demand for them and in those days, ‘everyone knew’ that the Pavlov Grenadiers all wore the 18th Century Prussian-style mitre cap.  At the time, I’d already painted a lot of Russian infantry and had moved on to other things, so I collected these figures when they were first cast, but never got around to painting them. 

Everyone probably already knows the story, but the Pavlov Grenadiers were meant to have replaced their mitre caps following the change in dress regulations of 1805, which dictated that Grenadier Regiments were meant to replace their headgear with the 1803 Pattern shako with large busch plume.  However, military procurement being what it is, they were still wearing their old caps in 1807 and following their heroism at the Battle 0f Friedland, were allowed to retain their caps as a badge of honour.

Following the fall of the Soviet Union, Russia opened up to the West (that worked out well…) and with the advent of the internet, a wealth of archival material and historical research flooded out of Russia, including stacks of new information about the composition and dress of the Russian Army of the Napoleonic Wars.  Thanks to the first wave of this new research, Tony was able to sculpt his Early Russian Napoleonic figures, which included the Fusilier Battalions of the Grenadier Regiments, with their distinctive short mitre caps in the style of 18th Century Prussian Fusilier Regiments (until October 1810, the Grenadier Regiments had a single Grenadier Battalion and two Fusilier Battalions, but then changed to three Grenadier Battalions).  

In 2008 or thereabouts, some Russian contributors began posting on the Napoleon Series forum and others, pointing out that the short Fusilier caps were in use well beyond 1810 and that therefore, everyone’s 1812 Pavlov Grenadiers were wrong!

The confusion stemmed from that fact that although all three battalions in the regiment were re-titled ‘Grenadier’ in 1810, each battalion was actually made up of three Fusilier companies and only one Grenadier company.  The Fusiliers retained their old short mitre-caps and therefore only one-quarter of the regiment was actually wearing the ‘classic’ tall mitre-cap!  As evidence, there is surviving correspondence between General Lavrov and Army headquarters, discussing what to do with the old mitre-caps and being ordered to issue the caps in this manner.

Pavlov Grenadier Regiment circa 1812.  Note the short Fusilier mitre cap on the right.

As a consequence of this new research, a few 28mm figure manufacturers such as Perry and Warlord have released Fusilier Company figures for the Pavlov Grenadiers, though AB Figures have yet to follow suit.  I’m also a painter, not a modeller*, so I’m not about to go to the massive faff of swapping heads!  And as this blog has amply demonstrated, I have very little concept of shame, so I’ve painted my Pavlovs as they are, as a ‘classic’ wargames unit with 100% Grenadier mitres! 🙂 

The mitre-caps of both type had brass front-plates and were backed with a red ‘bag’.  The headband was white and was studded with brass grenade badges at the 3, 6 and 9 o’clock positions.  The Fusilier cap had a domed top to the red bag, with brass strips up the sides and a finial on the top (depicted variously as a spike or a knob).  The bag of the Grenadier cap was piped white up the sides, was attached to the front plate all the way to the top and was crested with a mushroom-shaped white pompom.  Most depictions show the pompom as being white, with red for drummers and quartered orange/white for NCOs, without any variations by battalion (companies and battalions were in any case identified by the colouring of sword-knots).  Brass chin-scales were a post-war addition and black leather chin-straps were used until then.

Officers apparently had mitre-caps for parade, but wore shakos in the field.  These were of Grenadier style, with tall black plume, three-flamed gold grenade badge, silver cords (changing in 1812 to cheaper white) and a silver pompom with orange centre and ‘A’ cypher in gold.

As for the rest of the uniform, they wore the standard Russian double-breasted coat in dark green with red collar, cuffs and tail-turnbacks.  As with all Grenadier regiments, the shoulder straps were red with the regimental initials embroidered in yellow.  Cuff-flaps were dark green and buttons were brass.  NCOs had gold lace edging to the collar and cuffs.

Drummers had green swallows’-nests on the shoulders, decorated with white lace tape, with further strips of lace down the front and rear sleeve-seams, upward-pointing chevrons down the sleeves and strips across the chest.  Drums were brass, with hoops painted in alternating triangles of green and white (green outermost).  

These figures are depicted in the long white Summer ‘gaiter-trousers’.  In winter they wore heavier white wool trousers with false black leather ‘booting’ on the lower leg (the difference being clearly shown on the plate above).  Belts were white and backpacks were black, though musket-slings were deep red leather.  The black ammunition pouches were decorated with the brass three-flamed grenade badge of the Russian Grenadiers.  The colour of greatcoats is variously described as ‘grey’, ‘brown’, ‘grey-brown’, ‘drab’… I’ve painted them the same khaki-brown colour I’ve always painted them.

The Pavlov Grenadiers carried this very striking set of 1797 Pattern flags in orange and white throughout the Napoleonic Wars (by GMB Flags).  Each Russian battalion carried a pair of flags; the 1st Battalion carried the regimental ‘White Flag’ and a ‘Coloured Flag’.  The other battalions each carried a pair of Coloured Flags.  It’s hard to tell the difference in this instance, but the White Flag is the flag with the white field and orange corners.  The Coloured flag has an orange field, with white corners.

In April 1813 the regiment became the Pavlovski Life Guard Regiment, which in turn led to a further change of uniform.  The regiment was ordered to add a pair of ‘Guards’ lace bars to each side of the collar, as well as three lace buttonholes to each cuff-flap.  However, they were ordered to use the white lace used by the drummers and not the golden-yellow lace normally used by Guards regiments.  This was probably a temporary measure, as the Pavlovs were on campaign and white drummers’ lace would have been readily available to them.  It’s not clear how quickly this uniform change came into place, but is recorded as being worn by Pavlovski Guardsmen in Paris during the peace of 1814 (the collar colour had also apparently changed to green with red piping). 

Pavlovski Guards in 1813 or 1814, wearing the new white ‘Guards’ lace.   Although the caps are shown as being tall, Grenadier-style caps (perhaps exaggerated), these appear to be Fusilier caps with brass finials rather than pompoms.

The uniform changed again in 1814, with the lace colour being changed to golden-yellow and red plastron lapels added to the front of the coat.  The flags were also changed to the ‘St George’s Pattern’, having a yellow field with black/white corner-darts (the yellow and white switching places on the White Flag) and inscriptions around the edge.  However, these changes didn’t come in until after the Napoleonic Wars.

* I’m also a lover, not a fighter.**

** Which is ironic, as Mrs Fawr often puts up a fight.

Pavlovski Guards in 1814, wearing the new golden-yellow lace and red plastron lapels ‘Guards’ lace.  Once again, the caps are perhaps exaggerated in height, as the design appears to be that of Fusilier caps.

Posted in 15mm Figures, Napoleon's Battles (Rules), Napoleonic Russian Army, Napoleonic Wars, Painted Units | 16 Comments

“Vive L’Empereur!”: A Unique (?) Tony Barton Napoleon Figure

While I was photographing the Imperial Guard cavalry last week, it occurred to me that I’d never properly photographed my Napoleon model.  He’s a rather unusual and possibly unique figure, sculpted by Tony Barton, the supreme talent behind the original Battle Honours and then AB Figures

I acquired my Napoleon in 1995, when I was organising a big demo game of the Battle of Bautzen.  My old Battle Honours Napoleon and most of his Guard were getting very tired and battered by ten years of abuse, so I called up Mike Hickling, then the UK producer of AB Figures, to find out if he had any new models of that ilk. 

Ah yes, those heady pre-internet days when you had to either meet them at a show, see an advert, order a catalogue or phone up and ask…

As it happened, Mike had just that very day put the brand-new Old Guard figures into production, so sent me the very first figures off that mould, along with the  Chasseurs à Cheval and Grenadiers à Cheval of the Guard and a ton of other stuff.  He also kindly threw in a dozen unreleased Empress Dragoon figures that Tony had sculpted for Battle Honours, but had never gone into production.  Again, I’ve never seen those Empress’ Dragoon figures in anyone else’s army, so they might also be unique. 

This is the only photo I have of my possibly unique Tony Barton Empress’ Dragoon models. They were very much of the Battle Honours ‘style’ and I gave them to my mate Martin when the new AB Empress’ Dragoon figures were painted for our Waterloo Bicentennial game.

Mike also threw in a master figure for Napoleon that according to Mike, had previously been rejected by Battle Honours as being ‘too fat’!  Tony at that time was fully intending to sculpt a new and improved Napoleon figure, which he later did and which now forms the core of the current AB Figures Napoleon and Staff set.  He had therefore asked Mike not to put it into production and so the rejected Napoleon sat sad and forlorn at the back of a drawer until Mike took pity on me…

[Edited to add this response from Tony Barton himself on the Lead Adventure forum: 

I actually have four masters of Boney in my little drawer : The original BH version , in Fimo; and two slightly variant versions in metal which include the current AB one ; and an unissued 1790s figure.There’s also another head. At this distance in time I can’t recall when or why  made the one you have , but although it looks familiar , I don’t seem to have it myself ! ]
 

As far as I know, my Napoleon is therefore one of a kind, but I’d be very interested to know if anyone else has one.  He is VERY similar to the final production AB Figures Napoleon, except that the production figure is very slightly slimmer, has a breast-star on his left lapel and has his head turned very slightly to the left, whereas mine is undecorated and is staring straight ahead.  Mine also has a retracted telescope in his left hand, whereas the AB Napoleon’s hand is empty.  [Edited to add that my Napoleon has the coat pulled back to reveal the sword-hilt, whereas the AB Napoleon’s coat is covering the sword]

I painted these fellas over half a lifetime ago, which is rather terrifying. 🙁  I also gloss-varnished them (as was my custom in those days).  I did give everything a spray with matt varnish a few years ago, but these are still quite glossy, so I’ll have to do them again.

[Edited to add that my good mate Brendan Morrissey has this to say about my Napoleon… “Qui a mangé toutes les tartes, Qui a mangé toutes les tartes, Vous l’avez fait, Vous l’avez fait, Vous etes gros bâtard, Vous avez mangé toutes les tartes!”]

[Also edited to add a comparison photo of the AB Figures Napoleon set.  My thanks to Darren Rees for this superbly-painted example]

That’s it for now!  I’ll sign off with a little peek at what I’ve been painting this week…

Posted in 15mm Figures, Napoleonic French Army, Napoleonic Wars, Painted Units | 2 Comments

“La Garde au Feu!”: My 15mm French Imperial Guard (Part 8: Young Guard Cavalry)

As regular readers of this blog might remember, in April 2020 I declared my French Imperial Guard to be finally finished! Hurrah! Vive l’Empereur! etc…

So here are another two units of Imperial Guard cavalry… 🙂

“WTF?!” I hear you cry… Well in my defence (and in order to justify it to myself), I had already completed most of the significant heavy cavalry regiments (Grenadiers à Cheval, Empress’ Dragoons and Gendarmerie d’Élite) and light cavalry regiments (Chasseurs à Cheval, 1st (Polish) Lancers and 2nd (‘Red’) Lancers, Mamelukes and 2nd Gardes d’Honneur) of the Imperial Guard, though I didn’t have any squadrons of Young Guard cavalry.  This becomes rather critical when refighting the larger battles of 1813 and 1814, as the squadrons of the Young Guard contributed around half the strength of the Imperial Guard Cavalry Corps, often being separated from their parent regiments and grouped in their own brigades and as de facto regiments in their own right.  To complicate matters further, the Young Guard were uniformed differently to the Old Guard and in some cases markedly so.

So I needed some (it’s not merely a case of ‘wanting’)…  That ‘need’ was amplified last year when AB Figures released figures for the Young Guard squadrons of the Chasseurs à Cheval…

In a desperate attempt to justify my indulgence, here are some example orders of battle from 1813 and 1814 to illustrate the tactical groupings of the squadrons of the Young Guard:

Order of Battle of the Guard Cavalry at Bautzen, 20/21 May 1813
Général de Division d’Ornano

1st Guard Cavalry Division – Général de Division Lefebvre-Desnouëttes
1st (Polish) Lancers (4 Old Guard + 3 Young Guard squadrons)
2nd (’Red’) Lancers” (4 Old Guard + 2 Young Guard squadrons)
Berg Lancers (3 squadrons)

2nd Guard Cavalry Division – Général de Division Walther
Chasseurs à Cheval (4 Old Guard + 5 Young Guard squadrons)*
Empress’ Dragoons (4 Old Guard + 2 Young Guard squadrons)
Grenadiers à Cheval (4 Old Guard + 2 Young Guard squadrons)
Gendarmes d’Élite (2 squadrons)

Order of Battle of the Guard Cavalry at Dresden, 27 August 1813

Général de Division Nansouty

1st Guard Cavalry Division – Général de Division d’Ornano
Berg Lancers (4 squadrons)
2nd (‘Red’) Lancers” (4 Old Guard + 6 Young Guard squadrons)
Empress’ Dragoons (2 Young Guard squadrons)

2nd Guard Cavalry Division – Général de Division Lefebvre-Desnouëttes
1st (Polish) Lancers (4 Old Guard + 3 Young Guard squadrons)
Chasseurs à Cheval (4 Young Guard squadrons)*
Grenadiers à Cheval (2 Young Guard squadrons)

3rd Guard Cavalry Division – Général de Division Walther
Chasseurs à Cheval (4 Old Guard + 2 Young Guard squadrons)*
Empress’ Dragoons (4 Old Guard squadrons)
Grenadiers à Cheval (4 Old Guard squadrons)
Gendarmes d’Élite (2 squadrons detached to Headquarters)
1st Gardes d’Honneur (2 squadrons)
2nd Gardes d’Honneur (2 squadrons)
3rd Gardes d’Honneur (1 squadron)
4th Gardes d’Honneur (1 squadron)

Order of Battle of the Guard Cavalry at Leipzig, 16-19 October 1813

Général de Division Nansouty

Gendarmes d’Élite (2 squadrons detached to Headquarters)

1st Guard Cavalry Division – Général de Division d’Ornano
1st Brigade – Général de Brigade Colbert
Berg Lancers (6 squadrons)
2nd (‘Red’) Lancers” (4 Old Guard + 6 Young Guard squadrons)
2nd Brigade – Général de Brigade Pinteville
Empress’ Dragoons (2 Young Guard squadrons)

2nd Guard Cavalry Division – Général de Division Lefebvre-Desnouëttes
1st Brigade – Général de Brigade Krasinski
1st (Polish) Lancers (4 Young Guard squadrons)
Chasseurs à Cheval (4 Young Guard squadrons)*
2nd Brigade – Général de Brigade Castex
Grenadiers à Cheval (2 Young Guard squadrons)

3rd Guard Cavalry Division – Général de Division Walther
1st Brigade – Général de Brigade Lyon
1st (Polish) Lancers (4 Old Guard squadrons)
4th Gardes d’Honneur (2 squadrons)
Chasseurs à Cheval (4 Old Guard + 2 Young Guard squadrons)*
1st Gardes d’Honneur (2 squadrons)
2nd Brigade – Général de Brigade Letort
Empress’ Dragoons (4 Old Guard squadrons)
2nd Gardes d’Honneur (2 squadrons)
3rd Brigade – Général de Brigade Laferrière
Grenadiers à Cheval (4 Old Guard squadrons)
3rd Gardes d’Honneur (1 squadron)

Order of Battle of the Guard Cavalry at La Rothière, 1st February 1814
Général de Division Nansouty

1st Old Guard Cavalry Division – Général de Division Colbert
1st Brigade – Général de Division Krasinski
1st (Polish) Lancers (4 Old Guard + 4 Young Guard squadrons)
2nd Éclaireurs (Éclaireurs-Dragons) (4 squadrons)

2nd Old Guard Cavalry Division – Général de Division Guyot
1st Brigade – Général de Division Guyot
Grenadiers à Cheval (4 Old Guard squadrons)
2nd Brigade – Général de Division d’Ornano
Empress’ Dragoons (4 Old Guard squadrons)
3rd Brigade – Général de Division Lefebvre-Desnouëttes
Chasseurs à Cheval (4 Old Guard squadrons)*

1st Young Guard Cavalry Division – Général de Division Laferrière
Chasseurs à Cheval (4 or 6 Young Guard squadrons [accounts vary])*
Empress’ Dragoons (2 Young Guard squadrons)
Grenadiers à Cheval (2 Young Guard squadrons)

2nd Young Guard Cavalry Division – Général de Division Defrance
1st Gardes d’Honneur (4 squadrons)
2nd Gardes d’Honneur (2 squadrons)
3rd Gardes d’Honneur (2 squadrons)
4th Gardes d’Honneur (2 squadrons)

* One company (i.e. half-squadron) of the Guard Chasseurs à Cheval was formed by the Mamelukes of the Guard.  However, I’m not sure if this company was grouped with an Old Guard or Young Guard squadron.

The Young Guard Squadrons of the Chasseurs à Cheval of the Guard

Disclaimer: Details of uniforms for the squadrons of the Young Guard are sparse, fragmentary, contradictory and sometimes non-existent, but here’s my best stab…

The uniform of the Young Guard Chasseurs à Cheval differed from that of the Old Guard squadrons in several areas, though did wear some matching items of dress.  The dolman jacket was the same, being dark green with green collar and scarlet cuffs, decorated in hussar style with aurore braid and brass buttons (gold braid and buttons for officers).  This was worn with the same green & scarlet barrel-sash.  They also wore the same undress green breeches with aurore braid as the Old Guard squadrons and on campaign wore the same green campaign overalls with aurore side-stripes (some sources show red stripes and even grey overalls with red stripes).

Only officers were permitted to wear the distinctive scarlet pelisse over-jacket and those of the Young Guard had black fur edging, instead of the white fur worn by officers of the Old Guard squadrons.  However, some officers seconded from the Old Guard are depicted in art wearing their white fur-edged pelisse and even scarlet full-dress breeches.

Chef d’Escadron Jacques de Trobriand was seconded to the Young Guard from the Old Guard and is depicted here wearing the white-edged pelisse, scarlet breeches and brass sabre-scabbard of the Old Guard with the officers’ pattern shako of the Young Guard.

Instead of a fur colpack, the Young Guard squadrons wore a scarlet shako trimmed with a band of aurore lace at the top and bottom edges and aurore cords.  The peak was black leather, trimmed with brass.  Chinscales were brass, as was the crowned eagle badge of the Young Guard.  The national cockade was worn above the eagle badge and the whole ensemble was topped off with an aurore pompom (some sources show scarlet pompoms).  A green plume with scarlet tip was added in full dress.

The classic bell-topped shako soon gave way to the slightly taller, cylindrical shako-rouleau, which was probably the main type of shako worn by 1814.  The shako-rouleau retained the scarlet colouring, again decorated with bands of aurore lace and brass fittings.  However, it only had a pompom instead of the full dress plume and cords.  Instead of the brass eagle badge was a large national cockade, secured by an aurore strap and brass button.  At the rear was a false rear peak of black leather.  The top was waterproofed with black oilskin or leather and this might also have been true of the earlier shako.  The AB Figures Young Guard Chasseurs are modelled wearing the later shako-rouleau.

Belts were of whitened leather and sabretaches were of plain black leather, decorated with the brass eagle and crown badge of the Young Guard.  Some artistic depictions do show more ornately-decorated sabretaches, but these seem to have been officers’ items and perhaps belonged to officers seconded from the Old Guard and/or saved for parade best?

In contrast to the distinctive brass sabre scabbards of the Old Guard, the squadrons of the Young Guard were only issued with plain steel scabbards.  However, again it would seem that officers and trumpeters seconded from the Old Guard continued to wear their old brass scabbards.

Shabraques were in ‘reversed colours’ when compared to those of the squadrons of the Old Guard, being scarlet with plain green edging.  They also lacked ornamentation.  The round valise fixed behind the saddle matched those colours, being scarlet with green lace rings at the ends.  Unusually, officers were meant to use exactly the same pattern of shabraque and valise, though there are depictions of officers adding at least a little gold lace to the edging and even using ostentatious animal-skin shabraques in the style of the Old Guard Chasseurs.  Again, this may have been an affectation used by seconded Old Guard officers.

Cloaks were green and are often depicted in art as being worn rolled over the shoulder en bandolier, as protection against sword-cuts.

White sheepskin saddle-covers could also be used but as with all Guard cavalry regiments, the full shabraque seems to have been universally used, even when on campaign.  Line cavalry regiments by contrast, often dispensed with the shabraque and just used the sheepskin saddle-cover on campaign.  The full shabraque is therefore one of the key features marking the figures out as Young Guard.  The AB Figures French Hussars (which I used for my Gardes d’Honneur) are just modelled with the sheepskin saddle-cover, so aren’t suitable.  I was just about to paint some AB Figures Dutch Hussars as Young Guard Chasseurs (as they have the full shabraque and rolled cloak en bandolier, albeit with a boring covered shako) when AB released the pukka Young Guard Chasseurs.

Trumpeters wore a sky-blue dolman with deep crimson-pink collar and cuffs and braiding in mixed crimson/gold-yellow.  Campaign coveralls were in matching sky-blue with a crimson-pink stripe (or double-stripe).  Barrel-sashes were gold-yellow with deep crimson-pink barrels.  Some Young Guard trumpeters are depicted wearing the deep crimson-pink pelisse of the Old Guard trumpeters, decorated with mixed sky-blue and gold-yellow braid, though these may again be seconded trumpeters from the Old Guard.

The trumpeters’ shako or shako-rouleau was of the same pattern as the rank and file, though had lace and cords in mixed sky-blue/gold-yellow.  Some depictions show trumpeters wearing colpacks in black or white fur, though once again, this may have been an affectation worn by seconded trumpeters of the Old Guard.

Trumpeters’ equipment was the same as the rank-and-file, though again brass scabbards may have been worn by seconded trumpeters of the Old Guard.  Somewhat unusually, their horse furniture was exactly the same as that of the rank-and-file, namely scarlet with green edging.

As they were not regiments in their own right, the squadrons of the Young Guard were not issued with Eagles and no guidon or standard of any type, official or unofficial is recorded.

In 1815 a 2nd Regiment of Chasseurs à Cheval of the Guard was raised and wore essentially the same uniform as described here.  However, the regiment did not see action and was disbanded following Napoleon’s second abdication.  I mention it here as the title ‘2nd Regiment’ is sometimes used in relation to the Young Guard squadrons of the Chasseurs à Cheval during the campaigns of 1813 and 1814 (most notably on the AB Figures website!).  This is incorrect and while the Young Guard squadrons may have fought as a de facto regiment 1813-1814, that title was not awarded until 1815.

The Young Guard Squadrons of the 2nd (‘Red’) Light Horse Lancers of the Guard

Do not adjust your set… Yes, the Young Guard squadrons of the Red Lancers wore BLUE coats!

Of all the known Young Guard cavalry uniforms (those of the 1st (Polish) Lancers remain curiously unknown), those of the 2nd Light Horse Lancers of the Guard were the most radically different from their parent regiment.  As mentioned above, the Young Guard squadrons of the Chasseurs à Cheval had reversed-colour shabraques, but the basic uniform colours remained the same and the Young Guard uniforms of the Grenadiers à Cheval and Empress’ Dragoons also remained very similar to those of their parent regiments.  However, the Young Guard squadrons of the 2nd Lancers were dressed in coats of reversed colours (i.e. blue coats with scarlet facings instead of the scarlet with blue facings worn by the Old Guard).

My pet theory is that plenty of uniforms with very similar colourings were already in stock, thanks to the demise of the short-lived 3rd Regiment of (Lithuanian) Light Horse Lancers of the Guard, which was raised in 1812 and then wiped out soon after, possibly leaving a depot full of undelivered uniforms….

[Factoid: The 2nd (‘Red’) Lancers of the Guard were initially classed as Middle Guard, but on 17th March 1813 were elevated to the Old Guard by Imperial decree.  Someone recently tried to correct my ‘mistake’ in calling them Old Guard…]

The dark blue Polish-style kurtka jacket had a plain scarlet collar, lapels, pointed cuffs and turnbacks, as well as scarlet piping on the back-seams, which continued down the back of the arms.  Instead of the elaborate yellow epaulette and aiguillette worn by the Old Guard, the Young Guard just wore simple blue shoulder-straps, piped scarlet.  However, NCOs wore the Old Guard-style epaulette and aiguillette in mixed crimson and gold cords (as shown on the right).  Buttons were brass.

The full-dress trousers were scarlet with a double dark blue stripe.  However, dark blue coveralls with a single scarlet stripe were worn on campaign.  As my figures are in campaign dress, I’ve gone with the campaign coveralls (as I did with my Old Guard ‘Red’ Lancers).  Depictions of the campaign coveralls vary from source to source, but most show black leather reinforcing and white metal buttons down the scarlet stripe.

The czapka cap followed the colouring of the Old Guard ‘Red’ Lancers, being a black leather cap with a black leather peak trimmed in brass, with brass chinscales and a scarlet cloth ‘box’ piped yellow, with a wide yellow band of lace separating the ‘box’ from the black leather cap.  Yellow cords and a white plume were worn in full dress.  Sources vary re the front-plate; most depictions show the Old Guard-style ‘sunburst’ plate, while some show just a simple brass ‘N’.  There is actually a surviving example of a Young Guard czapka of the 2nd Lancers with the simple brass ‘N’ badge, which adds considerable weight to that depiction of the uniform.  It is of course possible that both types were worn and the ‘N’ badge might have been a late-war ‘austerity’ item.  In my case this is all academic, as my lads are wearing black oilskin czapka-covers.

Belts were whitened leather and the waist-belt had a large brass buckle-plate.  Scabbards were plain steel, though again some brass scabbards appear in art and may have been worn by personnel seconded from the Old Guard.  Cloaks were white with a red collar.

The lances had WHITE-OVER-SCARLET pennants, which were the same as the Old Guard squadrons of the 2nd Lancers.  (NOT scarlet-over-white, as used by the Line Lancers!)

The horse furniture was essentially the same as that of the Old Guard squadrons, namely a dark blue shabraque edged yellow and a scarlet round valise, also edged yellow.  However, they seem to have lacked the ornamentation (eagle badges, etc) added to the shabraques of the Old Guard.

The details of officers’ uniforms for the Young Guard squadrons of the 2nd Lancers seems to be lost to history, though if a specific uniform existed it was probably much the same, except with the addition of a gold epaulette and aiguillette, plus gold lace on the czapka and shabraque.  However, I’ve opted to use an officer seconded from the Old Guard squadrons, wearing his scarlet kurtka.

Evidence for trumpeters’ uniforms is fragmentary, but they seem to have worn a sky-blue kurtka with scarlet collar, cuffs and turnbacks, edged in mixed crimson/gold-yellow lace.  The back-seams were also edged in this lace.  The lapels are invariably depicted as plain sky-blue without edging, though its possible that in full dress these were reversed to show scarlet and lace.  The shoulders were decorated with an epaulette and aiguillette in mixed crimson/gold-yellow lace and the trumpet had matching cords.  Full-dress trousers were scarlet, but on campaign they wore the same dark blue campaign coveralls as the rank-and-file.  The czapka had a white ‘box’, edged scarlet with cords matching the aiguillette.

Again, Eagles and standards were not awarded to the squadrons of the Young Guard and no unofficial standards are recorded.

AB Figures don’t produce any specific figures for the Young Guard Lancers.  Their Guard Lancer figures have the epaulette and aiguillette, so are only suitable for officers, NCOs and trumpeters.  However, their Vistula Legion Lancer figures are spot-on, having full shabraques and shoulder-straps.  That said, these figures are a touch on the small side, having been originally designed for the Battle Honours range.  Cue the usual internet wailing and gnashing of teeth about ‘incompatibility’, ‘scale-creep’, ’18mm’, etc, but I’m willing to bet that hardly anyone noticed until I pointed it out… 😉

Other Squadrons of the Young Guard

As I play Napoleonics at a high command-level, where each unit represents a brigade (using Napoleon’s Battles rules), I don’t really need to paint any more Young Guard.  This is fortunate in the case of the Young Guard squadrons of the 1st (Polish) Lancers, as there seems to be nothing known about their uniforms.

However, if you’re interested, the Young Guard squadrons of the Grenadiers à Cheval simply wore the undress, single-breasted surtout coat of the Old Guard squadrons, though deleting the aurore aiguillette, replacing it instead with a second aurore contre-epaulette.  All other uniform details were the same as the Old Guard squadrons.  If I were going to model these, I would use the AB Figures Early Carabinier figures and carefully file the fringes off their epaulettes to make contre-epaulettes.

The Young Guard squadrons of the Empress’ Dragoons seem to have worn exactly the same uniform as the Old Guard squadrons, though again replacing the aurore aiguillette of the Old Guard with a second contre-epaulette.

There isn’t really an easy modelling work-around for these fellas, as the helmet shape of Line Dragoons is rather different and they lack epaulettes to file down into contre-epaulettes.  The triple-holstered horse furniture of the Empress’ Dragoons is also very distinctive and is a feature shared only with the Gendarmes d’Élite.  The only option therefore seems to be to use the Old Guard Empress’ Dragoons and somehow carve away the aiguillettes… Sod that for a game of soldiers…

Anyway, that’s it for now.  I’ll sign off with another photo I took while the Imperial Guard toys were out of the box…

Posted in 15mm Figures, Napoleon's Battles (Rules), Napoleonic French Army, Napoleonic Wars, Painted Units | 10 Comments

Reinforcements For King Louis! (Part 3: The ‘Royal-Nassau’ Hussars)

As the surviving regular readers of this blog might remember, it’s almost a year since I started my ‘Frogruary Challenge’ to complete the core of my new French army for the Seven Years War during the month of February 2021.  That was followed in March by some German and Swiss infantry and in April by the cavalry.  However, I still had one cavalry regiment outstanding, namely the ‘Royal-Nassau’ Hussar Regiment.

This regiment was initially raised at the start of the Seven Years War in 1756 as a German ‘Free Corps’ of only 300 men in two squadrons.  Titled the ‘Volontaires de Nassau-Saarbruck’, the regiment was rated by the Prince de Soubise as ‘poor’.  However, it survived the catastrophe of Rossbach and in April 1758 was re-titled as the ‘Volontaires Royaux de Nassau-Saarbruck’. 

This new title only lasted two months however, as in June 1758 the regiment was brought into the regular German cavalry of the French Army and was expanded to 600 men in four squadrons, with the new title of ‘Royal-Nassau’.  Unlike many better-rated regiments, the ‘Royal-Nassau’ Hussars never suffered a major catastrophe and by the end of the war had repeatedly proved themselves in the petit-guerre of scouting, raiding, pursuing a defeated enemy and screening a retreat.

The regiment was dressed in the typical Hungarian Hussar style; the dolman jacket was royal blue, with standing collar and pointed cuffs faced in ventre de biche (pale yellow-buff), white braid (silver for officers) and white metal buttons.  The pelisse was red with black fur edging, white braid and white metal buttons.  Officers has white fur and silver braid.  The barrel-sash was coloured white and aurore.  Breeches were yellow deerskin and were usually worn with chashkiry (leggings) in royal blue edged with white lace and boots cut in Hungarian style, edged with white lace and tassels.  Cross-belts were white, with a black leather cartridge-box.

The sabretache was red, displaying the arms of Nassau (a gold lion rampant on a gold-edged blue oval scattered with gold ‘billets’) and edged in aurore and white lace.  The scabbard was black leather with iron fittings and the sabre had a steel hilt.  The sabretache and scabbard were hung from red leather belts, but I mistakenly painted them white, like the cross-belts.

The mirliton caps were black, probably with a black flamme and mixed white/aurore cords and lace edging to the flamme.  Like a lot of military lace patterns, at a distance this probably just looked white, which is how it looks in prints and is how I’ve painted it.  However, one source (Blandford’s ‘Uniforms of the Seven Years War’) shows the body of the flamme being coloured aurore instead of black, another source shows alternating squares of aurore and white on the lace strips, while most sources show a white plume.

Shabraques were red, edged in aurore and white lace and decorated with a white fleur-de-lys at the front and rear corners.  

French Hussar trumpeters of the period, instead of Hungarian dress, still wore French-style uniforms in the livery of their colonel-in-chief (in this instance, the Prince of Nassau).  Consequently, the trumpeter here wears a yellow coat with ‘false sleeves’ and red facings with white buttonhole lace, topped off with a tricorn hat decorated with white lace and ostrich feather edging.  The shabraque is red with a white edge and the front and rear corners are decorated with three fleur-de-lys, with a crown above.

These are Eureka Minisatures 18mm figures painted by me, with flag by Maverick Models.

That’s it for now!  I’ll leave you with a sneaky peek at what I’ve been painting this week…

Posted in 15mm Figures, Eighteenth Century, Painted Units, Seven Years War & War of Austrian Succession, Seven Years War French Army, Shako Rules, Tricorn (18th Century Shako Rules) | 11 Comments

Jemima Fawr’s Review of 2021

It only seems like a few weeks since I was sitting here writing my Review of 2020, but here I am writing my review for 2021!  Where the hell did that go?!  Disbelief aside, 2021 was a better year for me in all respects than 2020, but that’s rather like conducting a cost/benefit analysis of various methods of sawing off your own knob… 2021 was still generally shit, but not as shit as 2020.  So here’s my Review of 2021.  Most of the pics are clickable and will link back to the original article.

2021 has however, been a great year for me on the figure-painting front!  I started the year with a renewed love for the Seven Years War and plans to expand my SYW armies.  I’d already painted the complete Württemberg Auxiliary Corps during my ‘Württember Challenge‘ in November 2020 and on New Year’s Day I went straight into my ‘Bavarianuary Challenge‘, which was to complete the Bavarian Auxiliary Corps during the month of January.

Having already painted four of the ten required Bavarian battalions during the 1990s, the Bavarianuary Challenge was actually completed in two weeks, which then gave me two free weeks to paint whatever I wanted before getting stuck into the ‘Frogruary Challenge‘.  I already had some Russian Napoleonic foot artillery and Jägers undercoated and languishing in the ‘Paint Me!’ dump from the previous summer, so I cracked on with those.

The Russians only took about four days to finish, so that left me with enough time to paint three SYW Prussian regiments that I’d been itching to do ever since buying my first batch of Eureka Miniatures.  January was a productive month…

There were more Eureka figures waiting for me as I went into ‘Frogruary’.  I already owned SYW armies for Austria, Prussia, Sweden and the Empire, but decided to expand this further with a French army and a British-Hanoverian-Hessian-Brunswicker allied army.  My ‘Frogruary Challenge‘ was therefore to paint twelve infantry battalions from first line of the French army at Rossbach.  As it happens, they were so easy to paint that I also managed to paint the artillery and generals before the end of the month.

Another achievement during ‘Frogruary’ was the inauguration of this blog’s first official troll!  This sad and lonely little onanist (an American who at the time went by the name of ‘Minipigs’ on a couple of fora and who I’d never heard of) also tried unsuccessfully to have me ‘cancelled’ from at least one forum on spurious charges of racism… 

So while Minipigs was continuing to rant away to the other spammers in the spam folder, I cracked on with the month of ‘Marsch!’, the intention of which had been to paint some more SYW Prussian and Imperial troops and perhaps finally paint the Reichsarmee cavalry.  However, I was having so much fun with the French, I decided to paint a brigade of Swiss (who are German-ish…) and a brigade of Germans fighting for the French.

Then it was time for some more Prussians…

With twenty battalions plus generals and artillery painted for the French, I now needed some cavalry.  Sadly I couldn’t think of a pun-tastic name for the month, so just set myself the challenge of painting six French cavalry units during the month of April.  I actually only managed to paint five units and the sixth (the Royal-Nassau Hussars) is finally under the brush at this very moment.

With the French army out of the way, I was itching to get on with the Allied army, so I started with the British infantry at Minden.

As nice as they are when they’re finished, redcoats take MUCH longer to paint than the French!  They didn’t look right until I’d painted double-lines of lace on the cuffs, laced the waistcoats and painted the Horse of Hanover (ok, the Badly-Inflated-Balloon-Animal of Hanover) on every sodding mitre cap…  Thankfully, their Hanoverian, Hessian and Schaumburg-Lippe allies had far less lace on their uniforms, so were quite a bit quicker to paint.

However, it was now getting into August and the arrival of a Black Monolith of polystyrene signalled that I now had an increasingly urgent need to start building the terrain and painting the troops for my planned Battle of Murfreesboro demo game at Warfare 2021.  I was therefore only able to get the infantry done for the Anglo-Hanoverian army (18 battalions), so the cavalry and artillery will have to wait until 2022.

As always in the tropical paradise of Pembrokeshire, the weather was glorious throughout August and September, so I was able to do most of the messy terrain-building out in the garden and the battlefield took shape in just a few days, despite the dog’s best efforts.  The time-consuming part is the varnishing of rivers and then the sanding, painting and flocking of the landscape, which took me right up to October.

Then there were lots of figures to paint and innumerable other jobs such as painting telegraph poles, making fences, impaling plastic trees on needles, making measuring-sticks, etc, etc…

The end result looked pretty good though! 🙂 Thankfully, it also turned out to be a cracking scenario and my players thoroughly enjoyed it.  It also won second prize for best demo game! 🙂

With Murfreesboro firmly out of the way, I’ve briefly returned to by first love (AB Figures Napoleonics), with the Young Guard Squadrons of the 2nd (‘Red’) Lancers and the Chasseurs á Cheval of the Guard (more on these later). 

So not including the Murfreesboro terrain, my grand painting total for 2020 was: 963x 15mm Foot, 114x 15mm Horse, 17x 15mm Guns, 588x 10mm Foot, 82x 10mm Horse, 21x 10mm guns and 13x 10mm Horse-Drawn Vehicles.  Out of idle curiosity, I totaled up the value at today’s prices (which have admittedly risen quite a bit in the last year) and rather worryingly, that weighs in at £1,080.23… 

I say worrying, because I’m pretty certain that I bought a lot more figures than I painted (who doesn’t…?) and I spent around £200 building Murfreesboro… and that much again going to Warfare… and let’s not forget all the paint, glue, brushes, books, costs for this blog… 🙁

Thankfully, in the unlikely event that Mrs Fawr ever reads this blog, she’ll have nodded off long before she scrolls this far down the page (along with a good 90% of my unsuspecting readership)… 🙂

In terms of actual wargaming, 2020 was not a good year for me, as I’m sure it wasn’t for a lot of people.  Back in February we were in the middle of our Third Lockdown and the snow was laying on the ground outside (a rare event here in the semi-tropical paradise of Pembrokeshire), so being trapped indoors with me, Mrs Fawr encouraged me once again, to go and play with myself in another room, well away from her… Once again, I blessed that day in 2018 (about the same time I started this blog) when I decided to get 10mm ACW, as there’s a host of Fire & Fury scenarios that will fit on my small dining table!  I picked the ‘Shiloh: The Hornet’s Nest’ scenario from the 2nd Edition ‘Great Western Battles’ scenario book and lost to myself once again.

At long last in April, lockdown lifted, we got jabbed and actually had a HOLIDAY!  🙂 The Carmarthen Old Guard also re-opened for (socially-distanced and masked) games and in July I headed down to Phil’s for my first ‘proper’ game of the year.  This would be our first Seven Years War playtest game using my ‘Tricorn’ adaptation of ‘Shako rules.  I chose the Battle of Lobositz as the scenario; partly because it was the first battle of the Seven Years War, but also because it has long been a favourite (and award-winning demo game) of mine.

The Lobositz game was a lot of fun and also turned out to be a superb playtest, highlighting weaknesses and flaws in the rules when trying to fight 18th Century historical battles with ‘Shako’ and also with my own rules adaptations.  The lessons learned were then applied and tested with another game in December, this time using the fairly obscure Combat of Görlitz as the test-bed.

The refight of Görlitz turned out to be an excellent, nail-biting game and thoroughly tested several areas of the rules (as well as the limits of Phil’s patience at my dice-rolling), so expect to see the first draft of ‘Tricorn’ posted here very soon!

I’m sorry to say that there wasn’t much here this year for lovers of Olive Drab, Dunkelgelbe or Jungle Green and I still haven’t posted my long-overdue potted history of 255th Indian Tank Brigade in Burma, but in May there was one brief ‘green’ moment when I did a showcase of my Cold War Canadian army, along with a potted history of 4 Canadian Mechanised Brigade Group.

And there was a review of Total Battle Miniatures‘ superb range of 15mm buildings and village tiles.

So that’s it for 2021! 🙂  And there was much rejoicing…

I’ve got a few plans for 2022.  In the immediate short term, I need to publish my ‘Tricorn’ rules adaptation for ‘Shako’ and that flippin’ article on 255th Indian Tank Brigade.  In the medium term I’d like to finish off my SYW armies and PLAY SOME MORE GAMES!  As part of the ‘playing more games’ plan, I’d like to kick off a SYW campaign based on Frederick’s 1757 invasion of Bohemia (something I’d hoped to do this time last year). 

I also might try a game or three of ‘Stargrave’, which I recently bought (along with the first supplement) at Warfare.  I’ve actually got a fairly large collection of 28mm sci-fi figures (mostly Grenadier, Copplestone, Denizen and Ground Zero Games figures) and they haven’t seen the light of day since the 1990s.  This would be ideal for a quick, easily-transportable club-night game and would probably prove popular among the club denizens.

In the slightly longer term, Paddy and I are planning to refight the Battle of Dresden of 1813 in 15mm.  This plan will require a considerable investment in terrain-building and quite a bit of figure-painting (the Young Guard Cavalry are the first wave of that painting schedule). 

So to anyone who’s scrolled this far; stay safe, have a great 2022 and tanks for the memories!

Posted in Uncategorised | 44 Comments

The Combat of Görlitz (or Moys), 7th September 1757: The Refight

A slightly belated Merry Christmas to one and all! 🙂

Wargames have been like Maltese buses over the last two years; they’ve mostly been cancelled with very little warning or two turn up together.  So, having just got back from Warfare and our epic refight of Murfreesboro, I went straight down to Phil’s place for a SYW game. 

I posted the scenario last week and as discussed then, our game was a historical refight of the Combat of Görlitz (also known as the Combat of Moys).  This was a relatively obscure action fought between the Prussians and Austrians and suited my purposes for rules play-testing, being chiefly an infantry battle and including elements such as skirmishers and field fortifications.  The terrain was very kindly supplied and set up by Phil and I provided the scenario and troops.  Mike and Peter also joined us for the game.

Above:  Phil’s table laid out for the game.  The map is actually the opposite way up – the Austrians are on the left, the Prussians are on the right and the Jäckelsberg Redoubt is near the top.

Above:  The view from behind the main Prussian position on the Lange-Berg.  Kursell’s flank-guard of two grenadier battalions is nearest the camera, then the eight battalions of the main infantry line with the ‘Zieten’ Hussars in front of the right flank and the rest of the cavalry under Zieten himself in front of the left flank.

Above:  The Prussian army as seen from the front.  We actually realised that the Lange-Berg ridge had been placed about 9 inches too far back, so the whole lot was pushed forward before the game started.

Above:  Over on the Prussian left flank is Kleist’s flank-guard division, consisting of two battalions of grenadiers and the ‘Werner’ Hussars.  This regiment actually wore brown uniforms with yellow facings and lace and mirliton caps.  However, I’ve only got half of that regiment painted, so instead used the ‘Szekely’ Hussars.

Above:  Well forward of the main Prussian position is the fortified Jäckelsberg Hill, which is occupied by Prince Carl von Bevern (not to be confused with the overall army commander, august Wilhelm von Bevern).  The redoubt is occupied by a battery of heavy guns, guarded by the ‘Beneckendorff’ and ‘Dieringshofen’ Grenadier Battalions.  A third battalion, the ‘Manteuffel’ Grenadiers, has occupied and fortified the village of Ober-Moys.

Above:  Nádasdy’s main Austrian army.  The main body of infantry is divided into three divisions, each arrayed in three lines; Clerici’s Division of six battalions is on the left (nearest the camera), Esterházy’s Division of six battalions is in the centre and Wied’s Division of nine battalions is on the right.  There are a lot of regimental 1st battalions present, hence the unusually large number of white Leibfahne flags.

Above:  Nostitz’s Austro-Saxon Cavalry Division stands on the right flank.  In the first line are the Saxon-Polish ‘Prinz Albrecht’ and ‘Graf Brühl’ Chevauxlégers, then the ‘Prinz Carl’ Chevauxlégers with the Austrian ‘Jung-Modena’ Dragoons and lastly the Austrian ‘Sachsen-Götha’ Dragoons.

Above:  The vanguard of the Austrian army is formed by d’Arenberg’s seven battalions of massed grenadiers.  These are formed into a single large column on a two-battalion frontage, aimed squarely at the Jäckelsberg Redoubt.

Above:  As d’Arenberg’s grenadiers advance toward the redoubt, a battery of 12pdrs positioned on the Galgenberg Hill opens fire in support of the attack.

Above:  Another, smaller battery of Austrian 12pdrs opens fire from the Busch-Berg.

Above:  On the extreme Austrian left flank, Pálffy’s corps of light troops approaches Ober-Moys.

Above:  On the opposite flank, Petazzi’s light troops have seized the vital river-crossing at Leopoldshayn and considerably outnumber Kleist’s Prussian flank-guard.

Above:  As the Austrian grenadiers approach the redoubt, the Prussian guns open fire.  Austrian grenadiers go down like skittles, but they keep on coming.

Above:  As Pálffy’s hussars dash forward to seize a river-crossing at Moys, his Grenzer begin skirmishing with the ‘Manteuffel’ Grenadiers in Ober-Moys.  However, the Prussian standard of marksmanship, honed by endless days on the drill-square, is excellent and they manage to pick off some of the annoying skirmishers.

Above:  On the opposite flank, Grenzer skirmishers boldly push forward to annoy Kleist as further troops cross the bridge at Leopoldshayn.

Above:  The first Austrian assault hits the Jäckelsberg Redoubt!  Nearest the camera, the ‘Dieringshofen’ Grenadiers manage to halt the Austrian assault with fire, but two Austrian grenadier battalions manage to push through the flame, smoke and shot to charge home on the ‘Beneckendorff’ Grenadiers!

Above:  The Prussian grenadiers have a deservedly impressive fighting reputation and the ‘Beneckendorff’ Battalion proves its mettle by repulsing the two assaulting battalions.  The officers of one Austrian grenadier battalion completely lose control of their men and they are soon streaming away from the fight in complete disorder. 

Above:  At Ober-Moys, life is getting hot for the ‘Manteuffel’ Grenadiers as the Grenzer engage them more closely.

Above:  Over on the opposite flank, the Grenzer are getting the better of Kleist’s grenadiers, with the ‘Hacke’ Grenadier Battalion in particular, becoming the main target of the enemy skirmishers.

Above:  The second Austrian assault erupts on the redoubt!  However, long-range fire from the supporting Austrian 12pdrs has this time managed to suppress the defenders, giving the Austrian grenadiers their best chance yet.

Above:  All Austrian grenadiers this time manage to charge home on the fieldworks.  Nevertheless, the ‘Dieringshofen’ Grenadiers again stand their ground, utterly destroying the Austrian battalion assaulting their sector of the defences.  However, the ‘Beneckendorff’ Grenadiers this time are ejected from the redoubt and the gunners are swept away with them!  With two Austrian grenadier battalions now inside the defences, things are looking very dicey for the ‘Dieringshofen’ Battalion!  However, Bevern quickly manages to rally the ‘Beneckendorff’ Battalion and prepares to throw them back into the fight!

Above:  At Ober-Moys, Pálffy has brought more Grenzer across the river to join the fight for the village.  His hussars meanwhile, have halted their advance, as Kursell now commands the river crossings at Moys with his two battalions of Prussian grenadiers and some battalion guns.

Above:  Back at the redoubt, all had seemed lost for a moment, but the superb ‘Beneckendorff’ Grenadiers fight their way back in, smashing one Austrian grenadier battalion at bayonet-point and destroying a second battalion by fire!  D’Arenberg has now lost three of his seven grenadier battalions and the Austrian grenadiers’ confidence begins to waver.

Above:  Back at Ober-Moys, the Grenzer’s fire is finally starting to have an effect on the ‘Manteuffel’ Grenadiers and so Pálffy launches a direct assault with two formed battalions.  However, the assault is halted by Prussian fire before it reaches the barricades.

Above:  With the Austrian grenadiers wavering, Bevern throws the rallied ‘Dieringshofen’ Grenadiers back into the fight!

Above:  At Leopoldshayn, a bold assault by Petazzi’s Grenzer pushes back the ‘Hacke’ Grenadier Battalion, but a charge by part of the ‘Werner’ Hussars crushes the valiant Grenzer battalion!

Above:  Bevern’s counter-attack succeeds in ejecting the Austrian interlopers and yet another Austrian grenadier battalion is destroyed!

Above:  However, the Austrian grenadiers are swift to rally and launch yet another assault against the defences.  This time the Prussian ‘Dieringshofen’ Grenadiers are swept from the field, leaving Bevern and the ‘Beneckendorff’ Grenadiers feeling rather lonely.  Thankfully, the Austrian main body seems to have its sights fixed on the main Prussian position and hasn’t detached any troops to reinforce d’Arenberg.

Above:  Back at Ober-Moys, the ‘Manteuffel’ Grenadiers are having a hot time of it as they beat off a second attack by Pálffy’s Grenzer.

Above:  Observing the unfolding battle from a vantage point across the River Neisse, the army C-in-C is growing increasingly concerned and has therefore ordered a brigade of the Görlitz garrison to march to Winterfeldt’s aid.

Above:  The ‘Beneckendorff’ Grenadiers continue to fight on alone at the redoubt and beat off yet another Austrian assault.

Above:  General von Katte The Younger joins the battle!

Above:  The Austrian main body marches past the ongoing struggle for the Jäckelsberg, aiming for the main prize.

Above:  Nostitz’s cavalry just manage to squeeze through the gap on the right flank.

Above:  Pálffy’s Grenzer launch a final, all-or-nothing assault on Ober-Moys.

Above:  The ‘Zieten’ Hussars move to cover gaps on the right flank, just in case Ober-Moys falls and the Austrian hussars cross the river.

Above:  But there is no need to worry, as Pálffy’s assault fails and his last formed units of Grenzer are broken, leaving only the hussars and a few detached companies of skirmishers.  Certainly not enough to force the crossings.  The battle for the Prussian right flank now hinges upon the fight for the Jäckelsberg.

Above:  The Prussian reinforcements arrive at Moys, with the intention of forming a back-stop position, should Ober-Moys and/or the Jäckelsberg position fall.

Above:  However, the ‘Manteuffel’ Grenadiers are now totally secure in Ober-Moys, though could still be forced to withdraw if the ‘Beneckendorff’ Grenadiers lose the Jäckelsberg, thereby causing Bevern to panic.

Above:  However, the Beneckendorff Grenadiers seem to have the luck of the Devil and continue to beat off attack after attack!  The Austrian grenadier losses are now catastrophic.

Above:  As the Austrian main body passes the Jäckelsberg, the Austrian fourth line under Forgách appears in the distance.  Nádasdy orders Forgách to assault the Jäckelsberg at once and end the débâcle!

Above:  The Austrian main body is now well within range of the small battery of Prussian 12pdrs on the Lange-Berg and roundshot begins to bound through the serried ranks of whitecoats.

Above:  Over at Leopoldshayn meanwhile, Kleist is struggling to contain the Austrian bridgehead.  Both Prussian grenadier battalions have taken losses, with the ‘Hacke’ Grenadiers on the right getting the worst of it.  To make matters worse, Petazzi has managed to deploy the ‘Kálnoky’ Hussars beyond the bridgehead and they quickly drive back the 2nd Battalion of the Prussian ‘Werner’ Hussars, enabling yet more of their comrades to deploy from Leopoldshayn.  However, Grenzer losses have been high and the sight of so many dead and wounded troops streaming to the rear can’t be good for the Austrian hussars’ morale.

Above:  Despite losing the line of the fortifications and being heavily outnumbered, the heroic ‘Beneckendorff’ Grenadiers beat off yet another attack by the Austrian grenadiers!

Above:  At Moys, the ‘Zieten’ Hussars find themselves about to becoming the filling in an infantry sandwich and wisely move off  to find a better position.

Above:  At Leopoldshayn, Kleist attempts to push forward, in order to close off the bridgehead.  His battalion guns successfully disrupt the ‘Kaiser’ Hussars as they deploy from Leopoldshayn, but a brave Grenzer battalion launches a frontal charge on the ‘Hacke’ Grenadiers!  The Prussian Grenadiers have already suffered heavy losses to enemy fire and shamefully break in the face of the Croats’ charge!  Prussian revenge is swift however, as the ‘Werner’ Hussars counter-attack on both flanks, destroying a Grenzer battalion and throwing the ‘Kálnoky’ Hussars back across the river.

Above:  Another gratuitous shot of the magnificent Austrian army…

Above:  “I can do this all day!” shouts Bevern, as yet another Austrian grenadier assault fails to break the ‘Beneckendorff’ Grenadiers…

Above:  With Nostitz’s Austro-Saxon cavalry rapidly approaching from the south, Kleist desperately needs to remove the threat posed by Petazzi’s light corps.  The ‘Werner’ Hussars therefore charge again!

Above:  The 1st Battalion of the ‘Werner’ Hussars smashes through the last remaining (and bravest) Grenzer battalion and rides on to break the ‘Desewffy’ Hussars, who are just deploying from Leopoldshayn.  The 2nd Battalion of the ‘Werner’ Hussars meanwhile, sweeps up the last of the Grenzer skirmishers.  Petazzi finally loses his nerve and he, along with the surviving hussars, follow the fugitive Grenzer back over the river.

Above:  And not a moment too soon, as Nostitz’s cavalry are almost upon them!

Above:  Despite seeing the Austrian army approaching from flippin’ miles away, Zieten suddenly seems surprised and realises that he is deployed in a terrible position!  Cue much faffing about , as the Prussian cavalry attempt to redeploy and get out of the infantry’s way…

Above:  Winterfeldt also realises that he has for some reason forgotten to bring his infantry forward from the rear slope…

Above:  On the Prussian right flank, things are looking rosy.  Moys is occupied by Kursell’s two grenadier battalions, while the reinforcement brigade has formed up behind the village, with two grenadier battalions to the fore and a third battalion in reserve, hoping to enfilade the Austrian left.  The ‘Zieten’ Hussars are also standing by, ready to pounce on any opportunity that might present itself.

Above:  That opportunity quickly arises as the ‘Zieten’ Hussars strike at the vulnerable Austrian flank!

Above:  The 2nd Battalion of the ‘Zieten’ Hussars smashes into the first line of Austrian infantry, breaking the 1st Battalion of the ‘De Ligne’ Regiment!

Above:  The drama continues at the Jäckelsberg as the Austrian grenadiers are beaten off yet again!

Above:  Suddenly, the main body of Winterfeldt’s army surges forward to meet the Austrians on the crest of the Lange-Berg!  As the Prussian ‘Württemberg’ Dragoons strike at the vulnerable 1st Battalion of the ‘Los Rios’ Regiment on the right flank of the Austrian infantry, the ‘Brandenburg’ and ‘Normann’ Dragoons make a massed assault on the Saxon ‘Graf Brühl’ Chevauxlégers.

Above:  Out on the far flank meanwhile, the 1st Battalion of the ‘Werner’ Hussars are still rallying from their earlier fight with the Grenzer when they are struck from behind by the Saxon ‘Prinz Albrecht’ Chevauxlégers!  The hussars are quickly routed, but the damage is not as bad as it might have been and they rally behind the line of the ‘Unruh’ Grenadier Battalion.  Faced with grenadiers backed by artillery, the chevauxlégers wisely recall to rally behind the Austrian dragoons.

Above:  Zieten’s counter-attack meanwhile, is a complete disaster!  The ‘Württemberg’ Dragoons destroy themselves on the bayonets of the ‘Los Rios’ Regiment, while the rest of the Prussian Dragoons, despite having a considerable advantage in numbers, are beaten off by the heroic ‘Graf Brühl’ Chevauxlégers with heavy losses!

Above:  Back at the Jäckelsberg Redoubt, the ‘Beneckendorff’ Grenadiers repulse yet another assault by d’Arenberg’s grenadiers and brace themselves for yet another attack… Yet none is forthcoming and as the musket-smoke begins to clear, the surviving grenadiers can be seen fleeing for the hills!  However, a fresh assault is approaching in the form of Forgách’s Division.  As the Prussian gunners rush forward to reclaim their guns, the grenadiers line the parapet once again and prepare to meet the new attack.

Above:  Back at the Lange-Berg, the ‘Zieten’ Hussars strike again at the Austrian left flank, demolishing another of Clerici’s battalions (the 1st Battalion of the ‘Platz’ Regiment).  This thankfully clears the front of the Prussian ‘Tresckow’ Regiment, which being filled with unwilling Catholic troops, is the weak-link in the Prussian line.

Above:  On the left wing of the Prussian line, the battle quickly bogs down into an attritional firefight between the Prussian ‘Lestwitz’ and ‘Pannewitz’ Regiments and Esterházy’s first line (the 1st Battalions of the Austrian ‘D’Arberg’ Regiment and the Imperial ‘Mainz-Lamberg’ Regiment).  This is a battle that the Prussians can’t hope to win, as the Austrians simply have more troops to feed into the fight, while the Prussians have no reserves whatsoever.  In order to try to reinforce the left flank, Wied pulls the 2nd Battalion of the ‘Pannewitz’ Regiment, along with some battalion guns, back to refuse the flank.

Above:  As the surviving Prussian dragoons rally, Zieten’s reserve regiment, the ‘Schönaich’ Cuirassiers, move forward to engage the Austrian infantry.

Above:  On the Prussian left flank, there is a welcome pause, allowing the ‘Werner’ Hussars rally as the ‘Unruh’ Grenadiers, with their supporting battalion guns, wait for the next attack.

Above:  As the victorious first line of Saxon chevauxlégers falls back to rally, Nostitz beings his second line forward into the attack.  Nearest the camera, the ‘Jung-Modena’ Dragoons threaten Kleist, while the Saxon ‘Prinz Carl’ Chevauxlégers launch a charge to clear the ‘Bayreuth’ Dragoons away from the flank of the infantry.

Above:  The view from the other end of the Prussian line.

Above:  The ‘Zieten’ Hussars launch another charge against Clerici’s infantry, but Clerici has now turned part of his division to face the threat and the hussars’ charge is halted by fire.  However, having lost two of his six battalions, Clerici’s Division is now demoralised.

Above:  Over on the other flank, the charge of the Saxon ‘Prinz Carl’ Chevauxlégers is perfectly executed and the ‘Bayreuth’ Dragoons are thrown back with heavy losses.

Above:  The Austrian ‘Jung-Modena’ Dragoons however, have surprised everyone by attempting to wheel across Kleist’s front.  Kleist’s battalion guns treat them to a whiff of grapeshot as they ride past.  The ‘Werner’ Hussars are also unlikely to let the Austrian manoeuvre go unchallenged!

Above:  With the Prussian cavalry repulsed, (Austrian) Wied’s Division pushes past the flank of (Prussian) Wied’s line.  There is now very little to prevent Winterfeldt’s left flank from being completely rolled up.

Above:  Clerici’s Austrian infantry might be demoralised, but they’re continuing to push forward, forcing the ‘Zieten’ Hussars to once again escape being the horsemeat filling in an infantry sandwich!  However, Clerici is also now taking some harassing fire from the ‘Anhalt’ Grenadier Battalion, emplaced among the houses and gardens of Moys.

Above:  As battalion guns engage each other with point-blank canister fire, the Prussian ‘Manteuffel’ Regiment wheels forward to engage Clerici’s whitecoats more closely.  An ADC meanwhile, gallops out from Winterfeldt’s headquarters, with orders for the Reserve Brigade to attack Clerici and roll up the Austrian left flank!

Above:  As the Prussian dragoons rally, the ‘Schönaich’ Cuirassiers launch a charge on the Austrian infantry.  (Austrian) Wied’s left-hand battalion has paused to engage in a firefight with Prussian infantry and has therefore left a Hungarian battalion exposed with an unsupported flank.  The Prussian cuirassiers instantly seize the opportunity and launch a devastating charge, destroying the Hungarian battalion! 

Above:  Having destroyed the Hungarian battalion, the ‘Schönaich’ Cuirassiers charge on into the ‘Los Rios’ Regiment.  However, these heroic Walloon infantry, having already seen off one cavalry charge today, are made of sterner stuff and repulse the cuirassiers, who fall back to join the dragoons in licking their wounds.

Above:  It’s a bad moment for the Hungarians, as two more Hungarian battalions, this time from Forgách’s Division, launch their assault on the Jäckelsberg Redoubt.  Shredded by 12pdr canister fire and musketry from the seemingly unbeatable ‘Beneckendorff’ Grenadiers, the Hungarian battalions simply disintegrate!

Above:  As the ‘Schönaich’ Cuirassiers rally, Zieten suddenly gets another rush of blood to the sabre and launches his rallied dragoons once again into the attack!  

Above:  The 1st Battalion of the Prussian ‘Bayreuth’ Dragoons, with the ‘Württemberg’ Dragoons in support, runs into the as yet un-blooded Austrian ‘Sachsen-Götha’ Dragoons, who are supported by the ‘Prinz Carl’ Chevauxlégers and the heroic ‘Los Rios’ Regiment.  Once again, the engagement ends in disaster as the ‘Bayreuth’ Dragoons are thrown back!  The victorious ‘Sachsen-Götha’ Dragoons charge on to destroy the already-weakened ‘Württemberg’ Dragoons.

Above:  The 2nd Battalion of the Prussian ‘Bayreuth’ Dragoons charges headlong into the midst of the Austrian infantry… and is annihilated.

Above:  However, the Austrians don’t get it all their own way, as the ‘Jung-Modena’ Dragoons, having been stung by fire from the Prussian battalion guns, launch a charge on the ‘Werner’ Hussars.  However, flanking fire from the ‘Unruh’ Grenadiers disorders the charge and the hussars have managed to bring the other half of the regiment up in support.  The ‘Jung-Modena’ Dragoons are swept from the field! 

Above:  The firefight in the centre continues unabated, though neither side seems to be gaining an advantage over the other.  However, the 2nd Battalion of the Pannewitz Regiment is under extreme pressure on the left flank.

Above:  The view from the Lange-Berg.  Despite the extreme danger on the left flank, the Prussian infantry is still holding its ground and has only suffered very light casualties.

Above:  At the Jäckelsberg Redoubt, Bevern’s men have been under attack in every single turn since Turn 2, but still hold their ground as they repulse yet another attack!  

Above:  At Moys, Clerici has managed to make no progress in the face of extremely stiff Prussian opposition, which is hardly surprising, as his four battalions are faced by no fewer than seven elite battalions, backed by cavalry and artillery.

Above:  However, on the Prussian left, Zieten’s cavalry division is demoralised and greatly depleted.  One more charge by the ‘Sachsen-Götha’ Dragoons will probably see Zieten swept from the field entirely.

Above:  Kleist however, has managed to hang on by the skin of his teeth and is in an excellent position to disrupt the Austrian attempt to roll up the Prussian infantry.

Above:  The overall view of the Prussian left flank.  Nostitz’ cavalry and Wied’s infantry have completely overrun the Prussian left wing, but Kleist (on the left) is still in position to cause serious trouble.

Above:  As (Austrian) Wied’s Division pushes forward, their only remaining obstacle is the 2nd Battalion of the ‘Pannewitz’ Regiment, which is still standing firm to the rear of (Prussian) Wied’s left flank, along with a detachment of battalion guns.  (Austrian) Wied has only lost one of his nine battalions and is still in very good shape to continue the attack.

Above:  In the centre, Esterházy has suffered a few casualties, but has lost none of his six battalions, though is struggling to make headway against the Prussian infantry.

Above:  As his latest attack fails, Forgách suffers a crisis of confidence and halts his attack on the Jäckelsberg!  For their heroic defence of the redoubt, Major Beneckendorff and Prinz Carl von Bevern are both awarded the Pour le Mérite

Above:  On the Austrian left, Clerici’s Division is demoralised and must withdraw to avoid destruction by the vastly superior Prussian forces around Moys.

Alas, we had reached Turn 12, the arbitrary finishing-point of the scenario.  As discussed in the scenario, the Austrians historically feared a Prussian counter-attack (possibly because they weren’t sure where Frederick had gone) and failed to fully press home the attack, hence the arbitrary time-limit.

On paper this looked like a walk-over for the Austrians with their vastly superior forces.  However, having a few elite units defending key locations and A LOT of extremely lucky dice-rolling, it was judged that the Prussians had managed to achieve a well-deserved victory!  Bevern and Kleist had both lost a single grenadier battalion, Zieten’s cavalry was virtually destroyed and Wied’s infantry were about to have their flank turned, but they had by some miracle, managed to retain possession of the key Jäckelsberg and Ober-Moys positions and had inflicted considerable losses on the Austrians – seven grenadier battalions, five infantry battalions, one dragoon regiment, three hussar regiments and a crapload of Grenzer either destroyed or driven from the field.  Nevertheless there were numerous nail-biting moments throughout the game and I think we all thoroughly enjoyed the game. 

The terrain is all from Phil’s collection.  The figures are all from my own collection; the Prussians are a mixture of Old Glory 15s, Lancashire Games and Eureka models, all painted by me except for the hussars, which were painted by Gareth Beamish.  The Saxon cavalry and Austrian artillery are Old Glory 15s models painted by me.  The rest of the Austrians are mostly Lancashire Games models, with a few Old Glory 15s Grenzer and generals, all painted by Gareth Beamish for the late Doug Weatherall’s collection.  Yes, I need to sort out those bases…

My thanks again to Phil and Patsy for their hospitality and to Pete and Mike for their excellent company and sportsmanship!

The finalised ‘Tricorn’ conversion notes for ‘Shako’ rules will be published here soon, as well as my Review of 2021.  I’ve also been painting some Napoleonic and SYW cavalry (some of which are shown below), so more on that soon…

So once again, Merry Christmas from Fawr Towers! 🙂

 

Posted in 15mm Figures, Eighteenth Century, Games, Seven Years War & War of Austrian Succession, Shako Rules, Tricorn (18th Century Shako Rules) | 21 Comments

The Combat of Görlitz (or Moys), 7th September 1757: A Scenario for ‘Tricorn’

We recently played another playtest of my ‘Tricorn’ Seven Years War variant for ‘Shako’ rules.  The after-action report will be up soon, along with the finalised version of ‘Tricorn’, but for the time being here’s my scenario for the Combat of Görlitz (also known as the Combat of Moys).

This is an average-sized scenario for 2-4 players and can happily be played in a single day.  This is definitely a good battle for getting all of your Grenadiers and Grenzers out of the box! 🙂

Historical Background

Following King Frederick‘s defeat at Kolin on 18th June 1757, the Prussians were forced to break off their siege of Prague and retreat into northern Bohemia.  By mid-July, their attempts to hold Bohemia had failed and the Prussians were forced to retreat further, through the mountains, into Lusatia.  Frederick tried and failed to bring the Austrians to battle, but instead lost the fortresses of Gabel and Zittau.

Bevern

Then in August, a new crisis emerged for Frederick, with the news that a Franco-Imperial army had invaded Saxony.  Assessing the French to be the greatest threat, Frederick departed for Saxony with the core of his army on 25th August, leaving the troops remaining in Lusatia under the command of the Duke of Brunswick-Bevern (often known simply as ‘Bevern’), with orders to prevent the Austrians from invading the key province of Silesia.

Bevern placed the core of his vastly-outnumbered army around the fortress of Görlitz, though thankfully for him the Austrians were hesitant to invade in full force until they were sure of Frederick’s movements in Saxony. 

Nádasdy

However, an Austrian observation corps, commanded by the Hungarian General of Cavalry Franz Leopold von Nádasdy, had discovered the Prussian corps of Generallieutenant Hans Karl von Winterfeldt. The Prussians were camped opposite Görlitz on the eastern bank of the River Neisse, isolated from the rest of Bevern’s army and ripe for plucking!

On hearing these reports, the army commander, Prince Charles of Lorraine ordered Nádasdy to attack Winterfeldt’s corps.  However, Nádasdy only had five regular infantry battalions, ten grenadier companies, 3,000 hussars and 8,000 Grenzer at his disposal, so Lorraine sent Colloredo’s Reserve Corps (temporarily under the command of the Duke d’Arenberg), consisting of a further 21 infantry battalions, 32 grenadier companies and 16 heavy guns, as well as Nostitz’s cavalry division, consisting of three regiments of Saxon chevauxlégers and two regiments of Austrian dragoons.  Further reinforcements would also be sent by Lorraine once the battle was underway.

Winterfeldt

On the other side of the lines, Winterfeldt had fifteen infantry battalions (seven of them grenadiers), three dragoon regiments (one of them being double-sized), one cuirassier regiment, two large hussar regiments and only a few heavy guns, so was badly outnumbered.  However, his forward outpost was the fortified hill of the Jäckelsberg, held by two of his grenadier battalions and a battery of heavy artillery.  A third grenadier battalion had fortified the village of Ober-Moys.  These would be tough nuts for the Austrians to crack.

The Duke of Bevern, following a personal reconnaissance, suspected that something was afoot on Winterfeldt’s front and sent word that he should place his forces on alert.  However, at 1100hrs when the Austrian heavy guns opened fire on the Jäckelsberg Redoubt, the defending ‘Beneckendorff’ and ‘Dieringshofen’ Grenadier Battalions were still cooking their breakfast and were almost completely surprised!  D’Arenberg’s seven Austrian grenadier battalions and a number of Grenzer battalions from Rudolf Pálffy’s column were already at the foot of the hill and immediately launched their assault. 

D’Arenberg

Despite the best efforts of Prince Carl von Bevern (not to be confused with Duke August Wilhelm the army commander) to organise a defence, the Prussian grenadiers were soon ejected from the Jäckelsberg, even carrying away the ‘Anhalt’ Grenadier Battalion, which was moving up in support!  Pálffy’s Grenzer also manage to capture the lower portion of Moys and to make matters even worse, the ‘Nádasdy’ Hussars crossed over the stream and badly cut up the fleeing survivors.

Winterfeldt moved forward with Kannacher’s Brigade, namely the four musketeer battalions stationed on the right wing; those of the ‘Manteuffel’ and ‘Tresckow’ Regiments.  The three fleeing grenadier battalions rallied as soon as they saw the approaching reinforcements and turned on their pursuers.  However, tragedy then struck as Winterfeldt, discussing the situation with Prince Carl, was struck and mortally wounded by an enemy bullet!  Winterfeldt, long a favourite of the King and probably one of Prussia’s best generals, would die of his wounds the following day.

Immediately assuming command, Prince Carl ordered Kannacher and the three grenadier battalions to make an immediate counter-attack on the Jäckelsberg.  the counter-attack initially went well, driving the Austrians back through the burning Prussian camp, to the very top of the entrenchments.  However, Clerici’s Austrian division had reached the spot first and a bitter, confused battle for possession of the entrenchments now developed among the burning tents.  During this fight, two Austrian regiments even fired upon each other, while large numbers of the Prussian ‘Tresckow’ Regiment, being of unenthusiastic Silesian Catholic stock, used the smoke and confusion as an opportunity to desert. 

Pálffy

To make matters even worse for the Prussians, a confused ADC with orders for the ‘Manteuffel’ Infantry Regiment, mistakenly delivered orders to the ‘Manteuffel’ Grenadier Battalion in Ober-Moys!  Obeying those orders to the letter, the grenadiers immediately abandoned Ober-Moys to join the battle for the redoubt!  The vacated strongpoint was immediately occupied by Grenzer and with the flank-guard gone, Pálffy’s Grenzer and Hussars moved forward once again to threaten the Prussian right flank.

Seeing the situation deteriorate and fearing a stronger Austrian attack on the right bank of the Neisse, the Duke of Bevern dispatched three battalions from the Görlitz garrison (the ‘Kahlden’ & ‘Schenckendorff’ Grenadier Battalions and the 1st Battalion of the ‘Schulze’ Infantry Regiment) to reinforce Winterfeldt’s corps

After an hour of bitter combat, with more fresh Austrian battalions arriving and with their position enfiladed by artillery, the exhausted Prussians pulled back, abandoning the redoubt to the enemy.  Meeting the three fresh battalions coming from Görlitz, the retreating Prussian infantry turned once again and formed up on the right of the main Prussian position, halting their pursuers.

Zieten

Over on the Prussian left wing, the legendary hussar Hans Joachim von Zieten had assumed command and was able to stop the Austrian advance in that sector with the threat of his massed cavalry and some heavy guns emplaced on the Langberg ridge. 

Petazzi’s Grenzer were making a nuisance of themselves on the left flank, so Kleist was ordered to clear them out of Leopoldshayn and throw them back across the river.  However, Kleist’s two grenadier battalions (‘Unruh’ and ‘Hacke’) were unable to make any headway against the superior Grenzer firepower and after a fruitless firefight lasting an hour, were forced to pull back.  Thankfully for the Prussians, Petazzi made no serious effort to attack the Prussian left flank with his three hussar regiments.

Lorraine

As the fighting petered out in mid-afternoon, the cautious Prince Charles of Lorraine, fearing a Prussian counter-attack in that sector, sent even more reserves over to Nádasdy, including a further 22 grenadier companies eight horse grenadier companies.  The grenadier companies under Sprecher took over responsibility for the Jäckelseberg, relieving D’Arenberg’s surviving grenadiers, who were now returned to their duties in the rear (surprising as it may seem, Austrian grenadier companies were normally employed as camp, baggage and headquarters guards).  These were further reinforced later in the afternoon by an additional 31 grenadier companies.

Frederick II

The Combat of Görlitz (or Moys) can therefore be considered an Austrian victory, as they succeeded in ejecting the Prussians from the key Jäckelsberg fortification and inflicted significant losses on the defenders.  However, the battle achieved nothing in strategic terms and it was unconnected supply problems that eventually forced Bevern to retreat from Görlitz.  The most significant impact of the battle was that on King Frederick personally.  With the death of Winterfeldt he had lost not only one of his most gifted generals but also his dearest friend, who he later described in a letter to his sister as the “man of my soul, my friend”.  

Prussian Order of Battle

The Prussian Corps of Generallieutenant Hans Karl von Winterfeldt

(2 Aides de Camp)

Advanced Posts of the Right Wing – Prince Carl von Bevern
Grenadier Battalion ‘Manteuffel’ (37/40) – in Moys – 12 Figs [5/2]
III. Standing Grenadier Battalion ‘Beneckendorff’ (41/44) – in Jäckelsberg Redoubt – 12 Figs [5/2]
Grenadier Battalion ‘Dieringshofen’ (21/27) – in Jäckelsberg Redoubt – 12 Figs [5/2]
Heavy Foot Battery – in Jäckelsberg Redoubt

Flank-Guard of the Right Wing – Kursell
Grenadier Battalion ‘Kleist’ (15/18) – 12 Figs [5/2]
Grenadier Battalion ‘Anhalt’ (24/34) – 12 Figs [5/2]
Battalion Guns

Cavalry of the Right Wing – ? 
I. Bn/(Leib) Hussar Regiment ‘Zieten'(HR2) (elite) – 12 Figs [5/2]
II. Bn/(Leib) Hussar Regiment ‘Zieten’ (HR2) (elite) – 12 Figs [5/2]

Infantry of the Centre – Wied
I. Bn/Musketeer Regiment ‘Manteuffel’ (IR17) (elite) – 12 Figs [5/2]
II. Bn/Musketeer Regiment ‘Manteuffel’ (IR17) (elite) – 12 Figs [5/2]
I. Bn/Musketeer Regiment ‘Tresckow’ (IR32) (unreliable) – 12 Figs [3/0]
II. Bn/Musketeer Regiment ‘Tresckow’ (IR32) (unreliable) – 12 Figs [3/0]
I. Bn/Musketeer Regiment ‘Lestwitz’ (IR31) – 12 Figs [4/1]
II. Bn/Musketeer Regiment ‘Lestwitz’ (IR31) – 12 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Musketeer Regiment ‘Pannewitz’ (IR10) – 12 Figs [4/1]
II. Bn/Musketeer Regiment ‘Pannewitz’ (IR10) – 12 Figs [4/1]
Battalion Guns
Battalion Guns
Heavy Foot Battery

Cavalry of the Left Wing – Zieten
I. Bn/Dragoon Regiment ‘Brandenburg’ (DR5) – 16 Figs [5/2]
II. Bn/Dragoon Regiment ‘Brandenburg’ (DR5) – 16 Figs [5/2]
Cuirassier Regiment ‘Baron von Schönaich’ (CR6) – 16 Figs [6/2]
Dragoon Regiment ‘Normann’ (DR1) – 16 Figs [5/2]
Dragoon Regiment ‘Württemberg’ (DR12) – 16 Figs [5/2]

Flank-Guard of the Left Wing – Kleist
I. Bn/(Braun) Hussar Regiment ‘Werner’ (HR6) – 12 Figs [4/1]
II. Bn/(Braun) Hussar Regiment ‘Werner’ (HR6) – 12 Figs [4/1]
II. Standing Grenadier Battalion ‘Unruh’ (45/48/gIX) – 12 Figs [5/2]
Grenadier Battalion ‘Hacke’ (3/6) – 12 Figs [5/2]
Battalion Guns

Reinforcement Column – ?
I. Standing Grenadier Battalion ‘Kahlden’ (gNG/g3/g4) – 12 Figs [5/2]
Grenadier Battalion ‘Schenckendorff’ (35/36) – 12 Figs [5/2]
I. Bn/Musketeer Regiment ‘Schulze’ (IR29) (elite) – 12 Figs [5/2]
Battalion Guns

Prussian Breakpoints

Each division must check when it’s losses reach the number of morale points shown below.  The values represent the total Frontal Morale Rating (FMR) of the division in brackets, followed by the divisional test-points of one third, half and three-quarters:

Bevern (15) – 5/8/13
Kursell (10) – 4/5/8
Right Wing Cavalry (10) – 4/5/8
Wied (32) – 11/16/24
Zieten (26) – 9/13/20
Kleist (18) – 6/9/14
Reinforcement Column (15) – 5/8/13

Likewise, the army must check when its losses (in terms of completely broken divisions) reach the levels shown below.  The total FMR level of the army is shown in brackets, followed by the test-points for one-quarter, one-third and half losses:

Prussian Army – Winterfeldt (141) – 36/47/71

Prussian Notes

1. Units marked on their label with a * (namely the ‘Manteuffel’ Musketeers, ‘Schulze’ Musketeers and ‘Zieten’ (Leib) Hussars) are classed as elite and rate one MR level higher than normal.

2. Units marked on their label with a † (namely the ‘Tresckow’ Musketeers) are classed as unreliable and rate one MR lower than normal.

3. The reinforcement column will arrive on the turn following the first withdrawal of a unit from the Jäckelsberg Redoubt. They will arrive in a single column on the Görlitz Road (i.e. at the bottom-left corner of the map), march 12 inches onto the table, adopt any formation and then go onto Reserve orders.

4. The heavy battery in the Jäckelsberg Redoubt is unlimbered. All other batteries may start the game limbered or unlimbered.

5. The 2nd ‘Zieten’ (Leib) Hussars were initially a part of Kursell’s right flank-guard, but Zieten ordered them to come across to the centre when the Austrian army appeared. They could alternatively be left on the right flank under Kursell’s command, in which case Kursell’s total strength would be 20 and the breakpoints would be 7/10/15.

6. Prussian regiments during this period were known by the name of their regimental Chef or a historic title.  Independent battalions were known by the name of their commanding officer.  However, units are often referred to in histories by their 1806 regimental numbers (usually as it makes maps easier to label and regiments with frequently-changing titles easy to track through history).  I’ve included the anachronistic unit numbers, as it also makes units easier to label on the table.

7. Units with 16 figures are classed as Large Units and can absorb an extra hit.

8. The infantry regiments are listed in their deployment order from right to left.  The division may alternatively be split in two wings; the right wing, consisting of the ‘Manteuffel’ and ‘Tresckow’ Regiments under Kannacher and the left wing, consisting of the ‘Lestwitz’ and ‘Pannewitz’ Regiments under Wied.  Both wings will then have a total MR of 16 and breakpoints of 6/8/12.

9.  Prince Carl von Bevern’s division starts the game on Defend orders.  All other divisions may be given any orders.

Austrian Order of Battle

The Austrian Corps of General of Cavalry Franz Leopold von Nádasdy auf Fogaras

(2 Aides de Camp)

Light Troops of the Left Wing – Pálffy
I. Bn/Warasdiner St. Georger Grenzer – 12 Figs [3/0]
Det./Slavonischer-Broder Grenzer – Skirmishers
I. Bn/1st Banal Grenzer – 12 Figs [3/0]
II. Bn/1st Banal Grenzer – 12 Figs [3/0]
Hussar Regiment ‘Nádasdy’ (HR11) – 12 Figs [4/1]
Combined Grenze Hussar Squadrons – 12 Figs [4/1]

Light Troops of the Right Wing – Petazzi
I. Bn/Karlstädter-Lykaner Grenzer – 12 Figs [3/0]
II Bn./Karlstädter-Lykaner Grenzer – 12 Figs [3/0]
I. Bn/Warasdiner-Creutzer Grenzer – 12 Figs [3/0]
II. Bn/Warasdiner-Creutzer Grenzer – 12 Figs [3/0]
I. Bn/Slavonischer-Gradiscaner Grenzer – 12 Figs [3/0]
II Bn./Slavonischer-Gradiscaner Grenzer – 12 Figs [3/0]
I Bn./Karlstädter-Oguliner Grenzer – 12 Figs [3/0]
Hussar Regiment ‘Kaiser Franz I’ (HR2) – 12 Figs [4/1]
Hussar Regiment ‘Kálnoky’ (HR17) – 12 Figs [4/1]
Hussar Regiment ‘Desewffy’ (HR34) – 12 Figs [4/1]

Cavalry of the Right Wing – Nostitz
Saxon Chevauxleger Regiment ‘Prinz Karl’ – 12 Figs [5/2]
Saxon Chevauxleger Regiment ‘Prinz Albrecht’ – 12 Figs [5/2]
Saxon Chevauxleger Regiment ‘Graf Brühl’ – 12 Figs [5/2]
Dragoon Regiment ‘Sachsen-Götha’ (DR28) – 16 Figs [5/2]
Dragoon Regiment ‘Jung-Modena’ (DR13) – 16 Figs [5/2]

Infantry of the Right Wing – Wied
I. Bn/ Infantry Regiment ’Los Rios’ (IR9) (1st Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/ Infantry Regiment ’Mercy-Argentau’ (IR56) (1st Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Hungarian Infantry Regiment ’Gyulai’ (IR51) (1st Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Salm’ (IR14) (2nd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Alt-Colloredo’ (IR20) (2nd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Sprecher’ (IR22) (2nd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
II. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Salm’ (IR14) (3rd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
II. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Alt-Colloredo’ (IR20) (3rd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Hungarian Infantry Regiment ’Haller’ (IR31) (3rd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
Battalion Guns
Battalion Guns

Infantry of the Centre – Esterházy
I. Bn/Imperial Infantry Regiment ‘Mainz-Lamberg’ (1st Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’D’Arberg’ (IR55) (1st Line) – 16 figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Jung-Colloredo’ (IR40) (2nd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Wied’ (IR28) (2nd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
II. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Jung-Colloredo’ (IR40) (2nd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
II. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Wied’ (IR28) (2nd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
Battalion Guns
Battalion Guns

Infantry of the Left Wing – Clerici
I. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Platz’ (IR43) (1st Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’De Ligne’ (IR38) (1st Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
II. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Platz’ (IR43) (2nd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Königsegg’ (IR16) (2nd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Andlau’ (IR57) (3rd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Sachsen-Götha’ (IR30) (3rd Line) – 16 Figs [4/1]
Battalion Guns
Battalion Guns

Infantry of the Fourth Line – Forgách
I. Bn/Hungarian Infantry Regiment ’Batthyányi’ (IR34) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Hungarian Infantry Regiment ’Forgách’ (IR32) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Hungarian Infantry Regiment ’Leopold Pálffy’ (IR19) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Macquire’ (IR46) – 16 Figs [4/1]
I. Bn/Infantry Regiment ’Bayreuth’ (IR41) – 16 Figs [4/1]
Battalion Guns

Grenadier Corps – D’Arenberg
1st Combined Grenadier Battalion – 12 Figs [5/2]
2nd Combined Grenadier Battalion – 12 Figs [5/2]
3rd Combined Grenadier Battalion – 12 Figs [5/2]
4th Combined Grenadier Battalion – 12 Figs [5/2]
5th Combined Grenadier Battalion – 12 Figs [5/2]
6th Combined Grenadier Battalion – 12 Figs [5/2]
7th Combined Grenadier Battalion – 12 Figs [5/2]

Artillery Reserve
Heavy Foot Battery (on the Galgenberg)
Heavy Foot Battery (on the Galgenberg)
Heavy Foot Battery (on the Buschberg)

Austrian Breakpoints

Each division must check when it’s losses reach the number of morale points shown below.  The values represent the total Frontal Morale Rating (FMR) of the division in brackets, followed by the divisional test-points of one third, half and three-quarters:

Pálffy (17) – 6/9/13
Petazzi (33) – 11/17/25
Nostitz (25) – 9/13/19
Wied (36) – 12/18/27
Esterházy (24) – 8/12/18
Clerici (24) – 8/12/18
Forgách (20) – 7/10/15
D’Arenberg (35) – 12/18/27

Likewise, the army must check when its losses (in terms of completely broken divisions) reach the levels shown below.  The total FMR level of the army is shown in brackets, followed by the test-points for one-quarter, one-third and half losses:

Austrian Army – Nádasdy (214) – 54/71/107

Austrian Notes

1. D’Arenberg’s Grenadier Corps has been formed from detached grenadier companies specifically in order to take the Jäckelsberg Redoubt.  The composition of the seven grenadier battalions is unknown, so I’ve arbitrarily numbered them 1-7.  Unlike Prussian grenadier battalions, which were permanently established for the duration of a war, Austrian grenadier battalions were ad hoc units created from whatever grenadier companies were available on a given day.

2. D’Arenberg’s Grenadier Corps starts the game no more than two moves from the Jäckelsberg Redoubt on enforced Attack orders and must directly attack the Jäckelsberg Redoubt.  It must continue to attempt to attack the redoubt until it has either been destroyed or the redoubt has been cleared of all Prussian units.  It will then adopt Defend orders on the Jäckelsberg and may not move to, or be used to attack or defend any other location.

3.  All other formations on table at the start of the game may be given any orders by the Austrian commander.

4. Forgách’s Fourth Line will arrive on the table at the start of the turn following the first morale test failure by one of the infantry or grenadier divisions (not the light troops or cavalry). They will arrive in a single line formation, directly in rear of the first three lines, will march to the Galgenberg and will then go onto Reserve orders.

5. Grenzer battalions may be split into two skirmisher stands before the start of the game, at the player’s choice.  The division loses 3 Morale points either when one formed battalion or two skirmisher stands have been lost (NB Pálffy’s division starts with an extra skirmisher stand, so can ignore the first skirmisher loss).  Grenzer battalions may not be split or re-combined once the game has started.

6. The heavy batteries on the Buschberg and the Galgenberg start the game already unlimbered. All other batteries may start the game limbered or unlimbered. 

7. Austrian and Saxon regiments during this period were known by the name of their regimental Inhaber.  However, units are often referred to in histories by their 1769 regimental numbers (usually as it makes maps easier to label and regiments with frequently-changing titles easy to track through history).  I’ve included the anachronistic unit numbers, as it also makes units easier to label on the table.

8. Units with 16 figures are classed as Large Units and can absorb an extra hit.

9. The ‘Mainz-Lamberg’ Infantry Regiment (also known simply as ‘Mainz’) was an Imperial auxiliary unit supplied to the Austrian Army by the Elector-Archbishop of Mainz.  Not to be confused with the ‘Mainz’ Infantry Regiment of the Imperial Reichsarmee, this was an excellent regiment, organised along Austrian lines and absolutely their equal.  They were uniformed along Austrian lines, in white coats and waistcoats, straw breeches, dark blue facings and white ‘metal’.  Flags are unknown.  I really must get around to painting these…

10. Early in the afternoon, Prince Charles of Lorraine sent a further 22 grenadier companies (equating to roughly four battalions) to relieve d’Arenberg on the Jäckelseberg, to guard against the possibility of a Prussian counter-attack.  This was followed later in the afternoon by 8 companies of horse grenadiers and then another 31 companies (roughly six battalions) of grenadiers.  However, as none of these troops took part in the fighting, I’ve left them out of the scenario.

Terrain Notes

Here is the terrain map with the troop formations removed. 

Both streams are bordered by a strip of woodland, with larger areas of woodland on the Birken-Busch, the Weinberg and between the Jäckelsberg and the river.

The western stream passing through Moys (known as the Rothwasser) is passable as per the standard rules, though there are two bridges at Moys which may be passed in column.  The eastern stream passing through Hermsdorf and Leopoldshayn is impassable except at the two bridges marked.

The Jäckelsberg Redoubt and the fortified village of Ober-Moys have a defensive modifier of +2.  There is no additional +1 modifier for the slope of the Jäckelsberg.  All other villages have a +1 defensive modifier.

All slopes are classed as gentle for movement purposes, though provide a +1 defensive modifier.

Game Length & Objectives

Establishing victory conditions for this battle is somewhat tricky, as the Austrians vastly outnumber the Prussians and with the benefit of hindsight, won’t have the same degree of caution or fear of a Prussian counter-attack by unseen (and non-existent) bodies of troops.  We therefore decided to put an arbitrary time-limit of 12 turns and that seemed to work, though could be extended to 16 turns, as it’s a long march from the Austrian start-line to the Prussian Langeberg position and 16 turns would allow more time for combat once the Austrians get there.

Victory will be awarded if one side breaks the other army OR if one side controls the Jäckelsberg at the end of the game.

The Prussians can maintain their honour if they still control the Langeberg AND have inflicted more casualties than they have received.

Yeah, it’s a bit vague and woolly, but so was the actual battle.  Feel free to make up your own victory conditions. 😉

Anyway, that’s it for now.  The After-Action Report will follow soon, along with the rules conversion notes and Quick-Reference Sheets for ‘Tricorn’.

Posted in 15mm Figures, Eighteenth Century, Scenarios, Seven Years War & War of Austrian Succession, Shako Rules, Tricorn (18th Century Shako Rules) | 3 Comments

The Battle of Murfreesboro at Warfare 2021: The Game!

Regular readers of this blog will by now be thoroughly bored with all things Blue and Grey!  But fear naught, the end is nigh!  Here at last then, is the after-action report for our refight of the 2nd Battle of Murfreesboro (aka Stones River)

The game was played at the Wargames Association of Reading’s ‘Warfare 2021’ show at Ascot Racecourse over the weekend of 27/28 November 2021 and won 2nd prize for Best Demo Game. 🙂

The rules used were (Brigade) Fire & Fury 2nd Edition and the scenario was written by Troy Turner and published in the Fire & Fury 2nd Edition ‘Great Western Battles‘ scenario book. 

I did adapt the scenario slightly for 10mm figures; the larger ground-scale meant that I could fit more of the map onto a 6×8-foot table and could therefore include the small cavalry action that took place on the western flank, as well as have some of the formerly off-table Confederate reserves actually on-table.  I also added three fords that are noted on other maps of the battle, but not in the scenario; two near the northern edge of the table and one just to the south of Wayne’s Hill that was actually used by Breckenridge’s division during the battle.

The stats for the additional cavalry brigades are:

Wharton’s Confederate Cavalry Brigade (independent): 10/7/4 Exp SH (activated on Turn 1).

Zahm’s Union Cavalry Brigade (independent): 5/4/3 Grn RC (activated on Turn 3).

Above:  My expanded version of the scenario map.

Here come the photos… There are rather a lot of them… In fact I think this might even be the greatest cure for insomnia yet posted on this blog! 🙂

Above:  We were able to get into the venue on the Friday night to set up the game, so this was the first time I’d seen the terrain all set up. 🙂  I must say that I was very, very pleased with how my ‘wintry palette’ of flock colours looked.  However, the fact that we were in a badly-lit corner (tucked under the escalators) means that the contrast between the ‘Earth’ flock of the woodland areas doesn’t have high enough contrast with the ‘Burnt Grass’ and ‘Yellow Grass’ flock of the open fields to really stand out in photos.  Another problem was that the tables were rather uneven and as a consequence, the joins between boards were often disappointingly visible.

Above:  As we were in something of a rush on the Friday night, the fences were rather ‘plonked on’… I actually went around on the Saturday morning and placed them somewhat better, but then forgot to take another set of ‘overview’ photos.

Above:  I’m really pleased with how the bare trees looked on the terrain, but I could have used at least another hundred!  There are 100 of them on the board, plus around 60 trees with foliage, but it’s quite surprising how many you need and I’ll try to double the amount of trees for this game’s next outing.  There were also areas of woodland near the table edges (e.g. the strip along the table edge either side of Asbury Church) where we decided not to stick any trees, as they’d just get broken or stuck to the jumpers of players leaning in to reach the middle of the table.

Above:  The starting overview from the same orientation as the map above.

Above:  The bulk of Hardee’s Confederate Corps (McCown’s Division in the first line and Cleburne’s Division in the second line), advances against the Union right flank.

Above:  The left wing of Polk’s Confederate Corps, consisting of Cheatham’s Division, prepares to join the assault on McCook’s Corps.

Above:  The extreme right flank of McCook’s Union Corps.  Johnson’s division forms a fish-hook around the edge of woodland, while Baldwin’s Brigade is encamped well to the rear with a battery, covering the open ground on the flank.  The seemingly lost artillery limber represents a horse-team belonging to one of Johnson’s batteries, whose horses were out to pasture when the Confederate assault struck and cannot therefore move or withdraw its guns during the first turn of the scenario.

Above:  On McCook’s left, Negley’s Division of Thomas’ Corps holds the centre, with Stanley’s Brigade being dug into a very defensible limestone outcrop that would later become known as ‘The Slaughter Pen’.  Stanley’s Brigade included the 19th Illinois Zouaves (Ellsworth’s), who in the earlier part of the war wore a very fancy Zouave uniform.  By the time of this battle the uniform had been simplified though was still very colourful, consisting of a plain blue coat and red trousers of a conventional cut, topped off with a red kepi with blue trim.  By a happy coincidence, this uniform looked very much like that of the famous 15th Brooklyn Militia and I’ve already got those in my collection! 🙂

Above:  On the northern flank of the battle, Crittenden’s Union Corps had been ordered to mount its own flank attack on the Confederates and Van Cleve’s Division had already crossed over the Bull Run at McFadden’s Ford when the attack was cancelled due to the sudden crisis emerging on the opposite flank.

Above:  The target for Crittenden’s cancelled attack was Wayne’s Hill, which is defended by the entrenched Hanson’s Brigade of Breckenridge’s Division.  This division is detached from Hardee’s Corps.

Above:  Breckenridge is separated from the rest of the Confederate army by the Stone River.  South of the river, Withers’ Division of Polk’s Corps is dug in, defending the key arteries of the Nashville Turnpike, the Wilkinson Turnpike and the Nashville-Chattanooga Railroad.

Above:  Withers’ Division faces the centre of the Union army at The Slaughter Pen.

Above:  A view along the route of the Chattanooga Choo-Choo…

Above:  At the northern end of the battlefield, the Union army commander, William Rosecrans, conflabs with Crittenden, the commander of the Left Wing Corps.  Wood’s Division is formed up behind them, in column facing north, as until being halted they were originally heading for McFadden’s Ford to join Crittenden’s abortive attack.  Deployed near McFadden’s Farm is the Chicago Board of Trade Battery, which is the only ‘pure’ battery of rifled artillery on the table.  Most of the artillery on moth sides consists of obsolete smoothbore pieces, though some batteries (especially on the Union side) have a few rifles mixed in to provide some long-range hitting power.

Above:  An overview of the northern end of the battlefield.  At present it’s largely quiet in this sector as both sides wait to see what unfolds in the south, though the powerful Union artillery is quick to open fire on the few visible batteries in the Rebel entrenchments.

Above:  As dawn breaks, the men of McCook’s Corps are still cooking their breakfast when the ‘Rebel Yell’ is heard!  Willich’s Brigade, holding the ‘hook’ of the right flank, is quickly thrown out of its position and the Ohio battery, lacking horseflesh to move its guns, is captured by McCown’s jubilant men.  Kirk’s Brigade meanwhile, is utterly smashed and is soon fleeing north in complete disorder, accompanied by General Johnson.

Above:  Willich somehow manages to rally his men and forms up on the edge of woodland, on Baldwin’s left.  Nothing however, can be done to halt Kirk’s flight and the Rebels start to roll up McCook’s Corps, quickly ejecting Post’s Brigade on the right of Davis’ Division.

Above:  However, the Rebels don’t have everything their own way.  In the north, the massive superiority of Union artillery immediately smashes Breckenridge’s artillery.

Above:  Withers’ artillery is similarly destroyed in very short order and the Union guns turn their attention to the Rebel infantry.  The shallow entrenchments provide scant cover and Hanson’s and Chalmers’ Brigades are soon suffering constant attritional losses.

Above:  As Johnson’s men flee before them, Hardee’s Corps storms through the vacated Union positions.

Above:  As more of Hardee’s brigades charge home, Davis’ Division, its flank now exposed by Johnson’s withdrawal, completely disintegrates!

Above: With Davis gone, the ridge is completely overrun by Hardee’s men and it’s now Sheridan’s turn to have his flank rolled up.  The Confederates at last have sight of their initial objective; the hill between the Harding House and the Gresham House (McCook’s headquarters location – the hilltop command group with the red flag in the picture above).  The Confederates plan to form a massed battery on the high ground and then use their local artillery superiority to batter the Slaughter Pen position into submission.

Above:  Sheridan’s forward unit (Sill’s Brigade) still holds the end of the wooded ridge, but is outflanked and now has Cheatham’s Division of Polk’s Corps assaulting across the stream in front of him.  Confident of victory, the Rebel artillery follows close behind Cheatham, who personally urges on his leading brigade (Loomis’ Brigade).

Above:  Loomis is initially stalled by fire from Sill’s men, who sell their lives dearly in order to buy time for the artillery to withdraw.  However, as a second brigade moves up to support Loomis, Sills is crushed and the remnants flee north across the Wilkinson Turnpike.

Above:  Some remnants of Davis’ Division attempt to make a stand on the Gresham Lane, but are hard-pressed by Hardee’s men, who push them inexorably back toward the Gresham House (the large grey building) and the Wilkinson Turnpike.

Above:  Some of Davis’ and Johnson’s Divisions have already reached the Gresham House!

Above:  On the Union right flank, Johnson is making a stand with Baldwin’s Brigade and the 5th Indiana Light Artillery, who proceed to make life miserable for Rains’ Rebel Brigade and Wharton’s cavalry.  However, the deteriorating situation across the rest of McCook’s Corps soon results in Baldwin retreating (albeit in reasonably good order) back to the line of the Wilkinson Turnpike.

Above:  The arrival of an ambulance at McCook’s headquarters indicates that his corps has already taken heavy casualties [in game terms a permanent -1 on all Manoeuvre rolls by all brigades in the corps and also a Victory Point for the Rebels].  The shock and speed of the Rebel assault is indicated by the fact that Laiboldt’s Brigade in front of McCook’s HQ, is still deployed in column when they are struck by the seemingly unstoppable General Cleburne, at the head of L. E. Polk’s Brigade.

Above:  By some miracle, McCook, Johnson, Davis and Sheridan keep managing to rally brigades and maintain a semblance of a line south of the Wilkinson Turnpike.  They keep getting pushed back, but little by little are inflicting a steady trickle of casualties on the Rebels (every little helps…).

Above:  Instead of collapsing, Sheridan’s division has wheeled back in the face of the Rebel assaults, its left flank anchored on The Slaughter Pen and bolstered by the artillery that somehow managed to escape the earlier slaughter in the woods.  Casualties are heavy on both sides as the Bluebellies doggedly fall back in the face of ferocious attacks from Cleburne and Cheatham.

Above:  As Hardee’s Corps continues its assault past the Gresham House, Hardee orders his artillery to unlimber on the Gresham Lane, just in case…

Above:  While many of their comrades continue the fight, some of the Union troops have simply had enough…

Above:  On the extreme western flank, Zahm’s Union cavalry and Wharton’s Rebel cavalry finally encounter each other.  Zahm is outnumbered, but Wharton has already suffered 20% casualties thanks to long-range fire from Johnson’s Indiana battery.

Above:  On the Rebel left flank, some of McCown’s and Cleburne’s men are dragging their heels.

Above:  Another view of the intense battle around the Gresham House.

Above:  A short while later, the Rebels have pushed the Bluebellies back to the Wilkinson Turnpike, but they seem to have found fresh spirit and are now giving almost as good as they get!  Confederate casualties are mounting at an alarming rate and the assault is staring to stall just short of the turnpike [in scenario terms, the Wilkinson Turnpike is a key objective; as soon as a Rebel infantry brigade crosses the road, every Union brigade south of the road will attract an additional -1 Manoeuvre modifier (on top of the -1 already suffered due to heavy casualties)].

Note that some bugger has now removed the Gresham House from the table… It will soon return to play, but on the wrong side of the road… Honestly, it’s like casting pearls before swine…

Above:  Out to the west, Zahm has decided not to fight the Rebel cavalry while mounted and has instead ordered his green troopers to dismount and defend the woods on foot.  As Wharton charges, Zahm’s carbines empty a few Rebel saddles but fail to stop the charge.  Nevertheless, Wharton’s cavalry, now disordered by enemy fire, ‘Worn’ due to 25% casualties and struggling in the terrain, fail to make a great impact and only push the Union troopers back to the northern edge of the wood, where both sides take a pause to lick their wounds.

Above:  Sheridan’s Division earn their pay this day as they beat off repeated attacks by Cheatham’s Rebels (recognisable by their ‘Polk Battle Flags’, which look somewhat like the flag of Norway).  Loomis’ Brigade in particular suffers considerable casualties in the face of point-blank musketry and canister fire from at least two batteries.  Undaunted, Cheatham brings up two more brigades. 

Cleburne also has a go at Sheridan near the (temporarily absent) Gresham House, but is beaten off with heavy losses.  The veteran Brigadier S. A. M. Wood’s brigade suffers the worst of it and Wood himself suffers the loss of a loyal aide de camp, who takes a bullet meant for the general!

Above:  An overview of the battle at the end of Turn 5 (0800hrs).  In the foreground the Rebel divisions of Withers and Breckenridge continue to suffer losses from incessant Union artillery fire, but in the distance McCook’s Union Corps has been rolled all the way back to the Wilkinson Turnpike.

Above:  Negley’s Division, with their corps commander General Thomas in attendance, awaits developments at The Slaughter Pen.

Above:  Davis, having rallied part of his broken division, managed to hold the Rebels at the Gresham House for a while, but has now been pushed back once again, conceding possession of the Wilkinson Turnpike to the enemy.  Nevertheless, he once again manages to rally the shattered remnants of two brigades alongside one of Johnson’s brigades, in the woods north of the road. 

Johnson meanwhile, still has Baldwin’s strong brigade in position on the road.  Baldwin boldly extends his line to the left in an attempt to block the Rebels’ capture of the turnpike, but it all goes horribly wrong as his brigade is shot up and falls back to join the rest of McCook’s shattered corps.

Above:  Cleburne rallies the remnants of L. E. Polk’s Brigade, but they are now totally Spent thanks to the fruitless assaults against Roberts’ Union Brigade on the north slope of the hill.  S. A. M. Wood manages to rally his brigade, but they are now worn and perhaps only have one charge left in them.  Cheatham’s division continues to batter itself against Roberts, but to no avail. 

It is at this point that Hardee rides over and attempts to lead Loomis’ Brigade in one more charge against Roberts, only to be shot out of the saddle by a Union sharpshooter!  It really served him right for attempting to add his leadership bonuses to a formation that wasn’t even his…

Above:  The heroic last-ditch Union defence of the Wilkinson Turnpike finally crumbles and the Rebels surge forward once again to take this objective.  McCown’s Division is the first to cross the road, smashing one of Davis’ rallied brigades as he does so.  In the foreground, Zahm’s cavalry have remounted and fallen back across the Wilkinson Turnpike in some disorder.

Above:  McCown’s Rebels may have taken the Turnpike, but the leading brigade has suffered terrible losses and soon becomes the target for Baldwin’s rallied brigade.  However, McCown’s boys are made of stern stuff and repulse Baldwin.

Above:  The central battle of attrition continues and the bodies are really starting to pile up; particularly on the Rebel side, as Cheatham struggles to make headway against Roberts’ fanatical defence, which is aided by three batteries.  However, a mass of Rebel artillery has deployed on the high ground and immediately opens up with canister on Roberts’ supporting gunners.

Above:  As the damaged Union batteries pull back past the Blanton House, Cheatham renews his assault.  With the Wilkinson Turnpike now cut by Rebel infantry and his right flank being shredded by canister, Roberts at last withdraws. 

Above:  With all of Cheatham’s Rebels sucked into the battle with Sheridan’s Division, Negley’s Division at The Slaughter Pen (which will now surely have to find a different name?) still haven’t fired a shot!  Nevertheless, Stanley’s Zouaves extend their line in order to refuse their right flank.  Just in case…

Above:  At long last, the rest of the Union army is on the move.  Rousseau’s veteran division, which had been held in reserve, is now on the march to stabilise the collapsing right wing.

Above:  And not a moment to soon, as the landscape in front of Rousseau is filled with fugitives from McCook’s Corps.

Above:  Meanwhile. back at the Chattanooga Choo-Choo, Chalmers’ Rebel Brigade has been steadily whittled down by incessant fire from four Union batteries deployed between the Slaughter Pen and the railroad.  Chalmers’ entrenchments provide very little protection and the mounting casualties cause his men to waver.  The Bluebellies seize their moment and three brigades (Cruft and Hazen from Palmer’s Division and Wagner from Wood’s Division) charge across No-Man’s Land , closely followed by the 6th Ohio Battery.

Above:  Chalmers’ battered command doesn’t stand a chance and is completely smashed by the Union onslaught!

Above:  As the jubilant Union troops overrun the entrenchments and deploy their artillery to enfilade Hanson’s entrenchments to the north, the shocked Confederate General Withers redeploys his division to face this new threat.

Above:  The time is now 1000hrs (Turn 9).  McCook’s Corps has suffered horrific casualties, but elements are still holding out against the Confederate assault, which is now starting to stagnate.  On the left of the picture, McCook and Johnson rally some of the shattered remnants behind Baldwin’s Brigade, which is still managing to make a good show of things.  In the woods to their left, Davis has once again managed to rally some of his survivors and form yet another rough line.  Opposite them, Generals McCown and Cleburne of the late General Hardee’s Corps exhort their men to advance once again, but the ‘Rebel Yell’ is now starting to sound a little thin.

Above:  Two of Cleburne’s brigades (next to the Gresham House) are now completely spent, but the other two are still reasonably fresh and Cleburne pushes them on, to finally smash Davis and break through to the Nashville Turnpike!

Above:  With casualties rapidly mounting, Sheridan (with the red flag) has finally pulled the remnants of his division back to the north side of the Wilkinson Turnpike, but there is no let-up from the Confederate bombardment.

Above:  On the extreme western flank, Zahm’s cavalry suffer a crisis of confidence and head to the rear, broken!  Now is the ideal time for Wharton’s Confederate cavalry to make their long-awaited strike on the flank of the Union infantry…

Above:  Oh dear, never mind… It seems that Wharton has also found urgent business to attend to in the rear…

Above:  Rousseau has now arrived to shore up the right flank.  Rosecrans has also ridden over to assess the situation for himself.

Above:  Over on the Union left flank, Crittenden’s Corps is also on the move as T. Wood’s Division heads south.  His guns continue to conduct a long-range bombardment of Breckenridge’s Rebels.

Above:  Aside from losing Cobb’s Battery in the very early stages of the battle, as well as a few attritional losses to Hanson’s Brigade atop Wayne’s Hill, Breckenridge’s Division is still fresh and unengaged (there are another two brigades and a battery still off-table).  However, Breckenridge remains stationary and dark rumours begin to circulate, suggesting that Breckenridge himself is rascally drunk in a Murfreesboro tavern!  

[In scenario terms, Breckenridge is stuck in place until Turn 14 (we’re on Turn 10) or until Union forces come within 6 inches of the white building in the woods (Point A on the map)] 

Above:  Van Cleve’s Division doesn’t seem to be too inclined to get stuck into Breckenridge at the moment.

Above:  As Sheridan pulls back over the Wilkinson Turnpike, some reinforcement columns arrive at his rear; Beatty’s Brigade from Rousseau’s Division and Grose’s Brigade from Palmer’s Division.  However, they are already taking fire from the powerful Confederate battery on the high ground south of the Turnpike.

Above:  Back at the entrenchments, Withers is organising a counter-attack with his two reserve brigades (Stewart’s and Donelson’s) on the Union incursion into his entrenchments.  Carnes’ Battery (deployed on the Turnpike) is already doing damage to Hazen’s Brigade, while musketry from Anderson’s Brigade, in the entrenchments to the left, is discomfiting Cruft, whose men are already starting to waver.

Above:  Sheridan makes his last stand at the Blanton House (which some bounder has removed from the table)!  Closely observed by his corps commander, Cheatham throws everything he can into this final, desperate assault, including the seemingly unkillable Loomis!  In addition to Roberts’ remarkable brigade, Sheridan has managed to rally the remnants of Sills’ Brigade, who form up on Roberts’ right, but they are now taken in the flank by Cleburne’s Rebels.

Above:  Seeing Zahm’s cavalry fleeing to the rear, the army commander and his entourage ride over to steady them.

Above:  As McCook attempts to rally the fleeing remnants of his corps, Rousseau deploys his division behind the crumbling right flank.

Above:  Sheridan’s Division has been thrown back from the (missing) Blanton House and Cheatham urges his troops onward.  However, Beatty and Grose have now deployed their brigades along the edge of the woodland and now open fire on the approaching Rebels.  The supporting Rebel gunners do what they can, but Rebel brigades are now starting to intrude into the danger zone, forcing the gunners to cease fire or switch to a different target.

Above:  Once again the gallant General Davis rallies his troops and once again is charged by Cleburne…

Above:  By some miracle, Johnson is also still in the fight!  He stands with the last remnants of Baldwin’s Brigade as McCown’s Rebels come on in the same old way.

Above:  Over on the opposite flank, things are finally moving, as Van Cleve carefully exploits a flaw in the scenario design…

Above:  Morton’s Independent Pioneer Brigade, recognisable by their blue & white headquarters flag, is also on the move, aiming to cross the ford in front of Breckenridge’s entrenchments and join Van Cleve’s assault.

Above:  On the other side of the railroad, General Palmer has withdrawn Cruft’s and Hazen’s Brigades from the captured entrenchments.  However, Wagner’s Brigade (from T. Wood’s Division) refuses to withdraw and becomes the target for Withers’ counter-attack!

Above:  Outnumbered by odds of 2:1, Wagner is utterly smashed and Donelson’s Brigade breaks through to attack the Ohio battery beyond!

Above:  The Union gunners stand no chance and are overwhelmed as Withers’ Division retake their entrenchments.  Withers may have lost a brigade (one which was already heavily-damaged by artillery) to the Union raid, but this episode has cost the Union side the loss of a previously-fresh brigade and an artillery battery.

Above:  There are however, still an awful lot of Bluebellies in front of Withers and presented with fresh targets, the Union guns once again open fire…

Above:  As the Union line folds back, The Slaughter Pen becomes the corner bastion of the Union defence.  Although The Slaughter Pen hasn’t yet been assaulted, it is now at last under Rebel artillery fire and Cheatham has kept his most powerful brigade fresh, in reserve and in position to mount an immediate assault on the rocks, should the opportunity arise.

Above:  At long last, Cheatham pulls Loomis’ battered brigade out of the line.  But what’s this?  An ambulance has just arrived at Polk’s headquarters to signify that Polk’s Corps (Cheatham’s and Withers’ Divisions) has reached its Heavy Casualties threshold! 

Above:  At long last, every one of McCook’s brigades are either destroyed, broken or spent and all his artillery has been destroyed or captured!

Above:  With the pressure in front at last eased, Cleburne’s Division pushes on in pursuit of the defeated Bluebellies!

Above:  However, on Cleburne’s right, the battle at the Blanton House bogs down into a battle of attrition.  The two Union brigades are stronger and they’re fresh, while Cheatham’s men are worn and demoralised.

Above:  The Rebel artillery continues to hammer away at the enemy while Cheatham’s last reserve prepares to assault the Slaughter Pen.

Above:  As Davis’ and Johnson’s Divisions evaporate, the exhausted but jubilant Rebels pursue them to the far edge of the wood… where they find Rousseau’s two fresh, veteran brigades, supported by two batteries, waiting for them…

Above:  Sheridan, with the spent remnants of Roberts’ Brigade, withdraws behind Beatty’s Brigade, duty done.

Above:  Much to everyone’s surprise, T. Wood’s Division of Crittenden’s Corps, instead of continuing on to counter-attack on the right, turns left at the crossroads to join the attack on Withers and Breckenridge.

The time was now 1200hrs (Turn 13) and sadly that was where we had to leave it.  The Confederates had made a valiant attack and in the initial stages, managed to go through McCook’s Corps like a hot knife through butter.  However, once they’d overcome their initial surprise the Union army managed to perform an unexpectedly dogged fighting withdrawal. inflicting a constant trickle of attritional losses on the attacking Rebs.

At the close of play, it seemed reasonably unlikely that the combined remnants of McCown’s and Cleburne’s Divisions had sufficient combat-power to defeat Rousseaus’ two veteran brigades, particularly given that they had two batteries in close support, as well as a potential morale-boost due to Rosecrans’s presence. 

It also seemed unlikely that Cheatham would be able to defeat the two brigades in front of him and there was nothing stopping Negley from bringing Miller’s Brigade into the fight from the other side of the Slaughter Pen.  Cheatham’s only real hope was for his artillery to quickly damage and disorder the defenders of the Slaughter Pen and then throw his last fresh brigade in (perhaps with assistance from Withers) to take that bastion from the Union.

Nevertheless, it seemed unlikely that the Rebels would be able to carry the day.  Polk’s Corps had reached its Heavy Casualties threshold and the late General Hardee’s Corps was only one casualty away from achieving that same milestone, thereby handing two Victory Points to the Union.  On the Union side, McCook’s Corps had reached its Heavy Casualties threshold and the Union army as a whole had taken far more casualties than the Rebels, thereby handing two Victory Points to the Rebels.  However, they still held possession of the Round Forest and the Nashville Turnpike, so retained the deciding Victory Point.  Inflicting Heavy Casualties on Thomas’ and Crittenden’s Corps would have given a further Victory Point to the Rebels (for each corps), but neither corps was anywhere near that point.

So all things considered, the Second Battle of Murfreesboro was a victory for the Union!  Hurrah!

My thanks once again to Mark, Paddy, Dave, Mike, Richard and Richard for an excellent game and for giving people the impression that I have friends.

Posted in 10mm Figures, American Civil War, Fire & Fury (Brigade), Games, Warfare (Show) | 10 Comments

The Battle of Murfreesboro at Warfare 2021: We Wuz Robbed!

This is just a quick post, as I’ve arrived home from Warfare just in time to head off again for three days for a funeral in Derbyshire! Thanks to Mark, Paddy, Dave, Mike, Richard L and Richard de F for their excellent company and gentlemanly conduct during the game (none of which was apparent during the game of ‘Coup’ in the pub on the Saturday night)!

Thanks also to all those who visited us over the weekend and especially those who came to say that they’re daft enough to follow this blog.  It was great to put faces (masked or otherwise) to names!

Thanks also to the Wargames Association of Reading for organising a fantastic show and a great return to post-pandemic wargaming.

Lastly, congratulations to the ex-Royal Marine gentleman (sorry I didn’t catch his name) who deservedly beat us into second place with his truly beautiful game!

There will be a full report next time, but here’s a taster:

Posted in 10mm Figures, American Civil War, Fire & Fury (Brigade), Games, Scenery, Warfare (Show) | 12 Comments

Demo Game Progress… The Battle of Murfreesboro at Warfare 2021 (Part 7)

First my apologies for posting nothing over the past month!  The month started well with a week’s holiday in the Peak District, but then went rapidly downhill with a family bereavement, my dad having another (thankfully minor) stroke and crashing his car, and then to top it all, a bloody awful cold/cough (completely unrelated to covid) that I’m only now shaking off! 🙁

I did plan to play another Seven Years War refight with Phil to further test the ‘Tricorn’ rules, but that was binned due to my lurg.  Thankfully however, I did manage to finish off all that needed to for the Murfreesboro game and it’s all now packed in my car, ready for the off tomorrow!  I was concerned that my cold might trash all my plans, but all that early work, building the terrain literally while the sun shone, paid dividends.  My painting schedule was already a week ahead of The Plan when I got ill, so I’ve now managed to finish all the Confederate generals and brigade command stands, six objective markers, four ambulances and stretcher-parties (heavy casualty markers) nine metres of MDF fencing, 22 telegraph poles, some more artillery and small-arms range-sticks, impaled 100 tree-armatures onto hot needles and painted a load of extra disorder and damaged battery markers!

It was a close-run thing, but my cough finally seems to have gone and fully armed with fresh negative covid test results, I’m all good to go! 🙂

Above:  Photos of painted models rarely get more exciting than this!

I should say at this point that I have received messages from friends and family concerned that I might be spiraling into… <gulp>… railway modelling… and want to know why I can’t do something more socially acceptable, such as sniffing bicycle seats…

Thank you all for your kind concern, but I’m ok.  So I bought 10 metres of ‘N’ Gauge track (far more than I needed for this project), a load of telegraph poles, a packet of miniature track-ballast and a shitload of model railway scenery items, but I know what I’m doing.  I can handle it… Can’t I…?

Above:  The two Confederate corps commanders; namely Leonidas Polk (on the left) and William J Hardee (on the right).  At this point of the war in the Western Theatre (the Army of Tennesse and the Army of Mississippi), there were a number of different HQ flag-designs in use, which were also then used as the basis for regimental flags for those units under that formation’s command.  The various designs are detailed in this excellent article (linked).  Polk designed the elaborate ‘starry cross’ design, while Hardee went for a very simple white oval on a blue field.

Above:  The divisional commanders and brigade command stands for Polk’s Corps.  General Jones M Withers‘ Division is on the left and Benjamin F Cheatham‘s Division is on the right.  When Withers’ division was absorbed into Polk’s Corps, at least one brigade (possibly the whole division) adopted their own version of the Polk Battle Flag, though without the red starry cross.  Although at least one of Withers’ brigades was definitely using the Polk Battle Flag, I arbitrarily decided to use the same flag for the whole division, even though it’s probably unhistorical, as it does make it easier for players to identify chain of command at a glance.

Above:  The divisional commanders and brigade command stands for Hardee’s Corps.  General Patrick R Cleburne‘s Division is on the left, using the Hardee Battle Flag.  General John P McCown‘s Division is in the centre, with its own distinct battle flag displaying the Cross of St Andrew (some regiments used a variant with red corners instead of the white border).  On the right is General John C Breckenridge‘s Division, again with its own style of red starry cross.  It’s worth noting that I painted all these troops in the same shade of grey, purely in order to save time.  They’re going to be mixed in with lots of troops in random shades of grey and ‘butternut’, so the uniformity of these bases will instantly disappear.

Above:  Some Union ‘Objective Markers’.  These markers served as a visual reminder of which side presently has control of the game’s geographical objectives, which in most cases grant a Victory Point or a morale penalty on the opponent (or both).

Above:  Some Confederate Objective Markers.  The markers each consist of a 40mm MDF disc, with a broken cannon, two casualties from the opposite side and six attacking troops, including a standard bearer.

Above:  I forgot to get some decent photographs of the rest of the newly-painted/made stuff before I packed them away in the car, but here’s three metres of rail-fencing (I’ve also done six metres of snake-fencing), six Damaged Battery markers, fourteen Disorder markers (seven for each side, including one cavalryman for each side and a Zouave for the Union) and four Heavy Casualty markers (two for each side). 

The Heavy Casualty markers serve as a visual reminder of when a corps has reached its heavy casualty threshold and must therefore suffer a permanent morale penalty.  They each consist of a horse-drawn ambulance and a stretcher-party, based on a 40mm MDF disc.  The Pendraken ambulance actually comes with two horses (to be harnessed one behind the other), but I left one off, in order to fit it onto the 40mm disc.

There was no universally-recognised sign such as the Red Cross for medical services at this time, so both sides made up their own unofficial signs and these often changed from one theatre of war to another.  However, neither side made much effort in telling the opposition what these signs meant!  Green cap-bands and green diagonal arm-stripes did become widespread across the Union Army, so I’ve painted those.  Rosecrans also dictated that ambulances belonging to the Army of the Cumberland would have a yellow flag (with a green ‘H’ added for field hospitals).  The Confederates are recorded as sometimes using red arm-bands, hat-bands and flags for the same purpose, which again I’ve painted on the figures.  However, I decided not to add flags, as they wouldn’t then fit in the trays I use to store my ACW collection.

Anyway, it’s all now done!  This time tomorrow night the game will be all set up for the first time and ready for battle to commence on Saturday!  I can’t wait! 🙂 

Please do come and introduce yourself if you’re at Warfare.

Posted in 10mm Figures, American Civil War, Fire & Fury (Brigade), Games, Painted Units, Scenery, Warfare (Show) | 6 Comments